n International SportMed Journal - Gender differences in the sport psychological skills profile of adolescent sport participants : original research
|Article Title||Gender differences in the sport psychological skills profile of adolescent sport participants : original research|
|© Publisher:||International Federation of Sports Medicine|
|Journal||International SportMed Journal|
|Affiliations||1 North-West University and 2 North-West University|
|Publication Date||Dec 2014|
|Pages||474 - 482|
|Keyword(s)||Adolescent, Gender, Sport participants, Sport psychological skills and Talent identification|
Background : It is well known that successful sport participants differ from less successful sport participants regarding their sport psychological skills. Despite the differences regarding the sport psychological skills, gender is also an important interpersonal factor in competitive sport that needs to be taken into account when dealing with male and female sport participants. Objective : The aim of the study is to determine the difference in sport psychological skills between male and female adolescents sport participants. Method : A quantitative cross-sectional research design with a convenient sample was used in which the data was obtained by means of the ACSI-28 questionnaire. One hundred and sixty-two Grade 8 learners (77 boys and 85 girls) participated in the study. Gender differences were analysed using an independent t-test, while effect sizes (d) were calculated to determine practical significance. Results : Male and female groups did not differ significantly or practically in any of the 7 subscales for sport psychological skills. Conclusions : From the results of this study one can assume that 13-year-old males and females exhibit the same sport psychological skills and can therefore be treated as a homogeneous group and be subjected to the same mental skills training programme.
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