n International SportMed Journal - The influence of intervention methodology on the physical condition of sedentary older adults : original research
|Article Title||The influence of intervention methodology on the physical condition of sedentary older adults : original research|
|© Publisher:||International Federation of Sports Medicine|
|Journal||International SportMed Journal|
|Affiliations||1 University of Oviedo, Spain, 2 University of Oviedo, Spain, 3 University of Oviedo, Spain and 4 University of Oviedo, Spain|
|Publication Date||Dec 2014|
|Pages||365 - 373|
|Keyword(s)||Exercise at home, Exercise programme, Older adults and Sedentary adult|
Background : The continuous growth of the elderly population is forcing developed nations to invest effort in the search for interventions and physical exercise programmes, with the aim of increasing the well-being and quality of life of this adult population. Research question : The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of physical exercise in the elderly using different intervention methodologies (recommendation, home prescription, and monitoring). Type of study : Experimental study. Methods : One hundred subjects who were 55-70 years of age were recruited and randomized into four groups of 25: CON=control, REC=recommendation, PRE=prescription, and MON=monitoring. The participants followed a structured physical exercise programme for 12 weeks. Each participant's physical condition was evaluated before and after the intervention using a battery of tests that included the scoring of strength, flexibility, balance, and aerobic resistance. Results : The MON group showed significant improvements in all variables (p<0.001). However, the PRE group did not exhibit increased performance in resistance or balance. The MON and PRE groups were significantly different in all variables studied (p<0.01) except for equilibrium with eyes open. Nonetheless, significant improvements in the strength variables were observed in the PRE group compared to the CON and REC groups (p<0.01 and p<0.05). The improvements in resistance, flexibility, and balance were not significant. Conclusions : A WREP programme is useful for improving physical conditions in both a prescribed home form and a monitored form. However, a simple recommendation does not seem to be sufficient. Nevertheless, the exercise with instructor has greater impact on the physical health of the elderly.
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