n International SportMed Journal - Anterior knee pain : an overview of management options
|Article Title||Anterior knee pain : an overview of management options|
|© Publisher:||International Federation of Sports Medicine|
|Journal||International SportMed Journal|
|Author||Nezar Tumia and Nicola Maffulli|
|Publication Date||Jan 2001|
|Pages||1 - 9|
|Keyword(s)||Injury, Patellofemoral joint, Rehabilitation and Sports|
Anterior knee pain is common in athletes and active young adults. Exclusion of intra-articular pathology is essential to diagnose patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). Unfortunately, the etiology is still not well understood. Three major factors can be attributed to its etiology : muscle imbalance, malalignment, and increased physical activity. Conservative management, a mainstay in the management of PFPS, includes rehabilitation focusing on proprioception, strength, flexibility, endurance, and a gradual progression of the musculoskeletal load. Surgery might be required if conservative management fails.
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