n International SportMed Journal - Anterior knee pain : an overview of management options




Anterior knee pain is common in athletes and active young adults. Exclusion of intra-articular pathology is essential to diagnose patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). Unfortunately, the etiology is still not well understood. Three major factors can be attributed to its etiology : muscle imbalance, malalignment, and increased physical activity. Conservative management, a mainstay in the management of PFPS, includes rehabilitation focusing on proprioception, strength, flexibility, endurance, and a gradual progression of the musculoskeletal load. Surgery might be required if conservative management fails.


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