1887

n International SportMed Journal - Exercise for patients with multiple sclerosis

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Abstract

Multiple sclerosis (MS) can cause a wide range of impairments involving sensory, motor, and/or cognitive functions. Fatigue, often severe, affects about 85% of MS patients and, along with other symptoms, leads to decreased mobility and reduced quality of life. Although exercise is beneficial for individuals with MS, several precautions should be taken to avoid worsening symptoms. Exercise programs must be designed to activate working muscles but avoid overload of weak muscles, which would cause abnormal fatigue or conduction block. Guidelines for MS patients must be fashioned according to the individual's specific symptoms and functional abilities. Vigorous physical activity should be discontinued during an MS exacerbation, especially when the patient is being treated with corticosteroids. Finally, a safe, comfortable exercise environment is essential for MS patients. Factors of most concern are heat sensitivity, excessive fatigue, and poor balance and coordination. The benefits of exercise in MS patients include improved cardiovascular and muscular fitness, reduced fatigue, and enhanced quality of life.

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/content/ismj/2/3/EJC48469
2001-01-01
2016-12-06
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