n International SportMed Journal - The role of exercise in preventing and treating osteoporosis

Volume 2, Issue 4
  • ISSN : 1528-3356



Osteoporosis is a major public health problem, and exercise is an important part of its prevention and treatment. Prevention begins in childhood with adequate physical activity and nutrition. New studies emphasize the role of prepubertal exercise in optimizing peak bone mass in girls. In the adult years, bone mass can be maintained with appropriate activity. Bone mass is not the only variable to measure, however, when considering bone health. Muscle strength and balance can also help prevent fractures in older age and should not be overlooked in the adult years. During the postmenopausal years the goal of exercise is to minimize bone loss. When there is low bone mass (osteopenia or osteoporosis), exercise remains integral to fracture prevention but is often avoided for fear of causing fracture. This article summarizes studies of exercise intervention in those with low bone mass and provides practical guidelines for exercise prescription for physicians, physiotherapists, and exercise trainers. Exercise for fall prevention is also an important strategy for preventing fractures.

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