n International SportMed Journal - Imaging of sport injuries in children
|Article Title||Imaging of sport injuries in children|
|© Publisher:||International Federation of Sports Medicine|
|Journal||International SportMed Journal|
|Author||Richard V.P. De Villiers|
|Publication Date||Jan 2001|
|Pages||1 - 10|
|Keyword(s)||Apophysitis, Little Leaguer's elbow, Osteochondritis dissecans, Pars interarticularis stress fracture, Pediatric sports injuries and Salter-Harris fractures|
Both acute traumatic and chronic overuse injuries are well recognized in pediatric athletes. Early diagnosis is important. The most obvious difference between children's and adults' skeletons is degree of maturity. The radiological features of common sites of injuries in athletes are reviewed in this article. Radiological evaluation of the injured elbow can be confusing because of multiple separate ossification centers. Supracondylar fractures are notoriously difficult to diagnose. Repeated valgus stress producing lateral-compartment compression can lead to osteochondritis dissecans of the capitellum. Avulsion injures of the pelvis are particularly common in the adolescent athlete. Perthe's disease presents as hip or groin pain. Osgood-Schlatter disease is a common stress injury in the knee and affects the tibial tuberosity. Osteochondritis dissecans involves the medial femoral condyle, the lateral femoral condyle, and the patella. Lateral ankle sprains are the most common sports injury. Stress injury to the spine can affect any element of the spine.
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