n International SportMed Journal - Fat adaptation strategies for endurance performance : a brief review : sports nutrition
|Article Title||Fat adaptation strategies for endurance performance : a brief review : sports nutrition|
|© Publisher:||International Federation of Sports Medicine|
|Journal||International SportMed Journal|
|Author||Louise M. Burke and John A. Hawley|
|Publication Date||Jan 2002|
|Pages||1 - 5|
|Keyword(s)||Australian Institute of Sport, Dietary periodisation, Fat loading, Fat oxidation, Glycogen sparing and RMIT University|
Endogenous fat stores provide fuel for exercise, and training enhances the muscle's capacity to oxidise these stores. Increasing fat utilisation during exercise can spare muscle glycogen use and thus enhance endurance and performance. A 1-3-day high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet impairs performance because it depletes muscle glycogen stores without significantly changing fat utilisation. Athletes who undertake such a diet for longer periods (as little as 5-6 days) adapt by increasing fat oxidation during exercise. In this fat-adapted, carbohydrate-restored condition, prolonged exercise can be undertaken with greater fat utilisation and sparing of muscle glycogen use. Despite marked changes in fuel metabolism during submaximal exercise, fat adaptation does not clearly enhance athletic performance. It appears that glycogen sparing is not important for events lasting 2-3 hours when the athlete is able to consume carbohydrate before and during the event. Ultra-endurance athletes might benefit from a combination of fat adaptation and carbohydrate intake for events lasting <4 hours, but there appears to be an individual response to this practice.
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