n International SportMed Journal - Current concepts in cardiac rehabilitation : review article
|Article Title||Current concepts in cardiac rehabilitation : review article|
|© Publisher:||International Federation of Sports Medicine|
|Journal||International SportMed Journal|
|Author||James A. Stone|
|Publication Date||Jan 2002|
|Pages||1 - 25|
|Keyword(s)||Cardiovascular disease, Cardiovascular disease treatment targets, Exercise therapy, Risk stratification and University of Calgary|
Cardiac rehabilitation programmes have been proven to be effective in improving the prognosis for patients with cardiac disease. They are individually tailored and designed to enhance and maintain cardiovascular health by optimising patients' physical, psychological, social, vocational, and emotional status. This process includes facilitating and delivering secondary prevention through heart hazard identification and modification in an effort to prevent disease progression and the recurrence of cardiac events. Programmes that methodically target and treat patients to clinically validated heart hazard treatment targets are successful in reducing the likelihood of recurrent events. Cardiac rehabilitation programmes employ risk stratification protocols to identify patients at low to moderate, high, or very high risk of exercise-related events and those at risk for long-term progression of atherosclerosis. The fully integrated, holistic approach to all aspects of cardiovascular care that can affect, both positively and negatively, a patient's prognosis is what distinguishes cardiac rehabilitation programmes from the usual care model.
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