n International SportMed Journal - A European perspective on cardiac rehabilitation : review article

Volume 3, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1528-3356



Over the past decade the scientific relevance of multi-causal management of coronary artery disease (CAD), which is the major cause of premature death in Western society, has become more evident. Modifying behaviour and lifestyle has become a key element in prevention and rehabilitation; e.g. increasing physical activity, quitting smoking, and changing one's diet favourably affect the course of the disease and might even contribute to the regression of arteriosclerosis if combined with drug treatment. Stress management and psychosocial support can improve quality of life and contribute to a timely return to work. These efforts demand a comprehensive program in which cardiologists, cardiac nurses, physiotherapists, dieticians, and psychologists cooperate. Larger groups of elderly patients need to benefit from such a program, as well as patients with mild to moderate congestive heart failure. In this review, the value of different care options is highlighted in order to contribute to a wider use of lifestyle modification in treating CAD patients.

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