n International SportMed Journal - Shoulder impingement and rotator cuff disorders in the athletic shoulder : review article

Volume 4, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1528-3356



Shoulder pain is a common cause of disability in overhead throwing athletes. However, the precise cause of this pain may not be immediately obvious and often cannot be explained by the classic primary subacromial impingement syndrome. Other causes, e.g. primary instability with secondary impingement, 'internal impingement', scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC) lesions and superior labral anterior and posterior (SLAP) lesions, partial rotator cuff tears may be the cause of shoulder pain in the athlete. These conditions can be diagnosed by meticulous clinical examination and appropriate imaging studies. Initial management of these shoulder injuries is conservative. Only if a thorough and well-planned rehabilitation programme has failed should operative management be considered.

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