n International SportMed Journal - What limits exercise in HIV positive individuals? : review article

Volume 4, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1528-3356



There is sufficient evidence to support the advice that HIV+ patients should be encouraged to undertake regular exercise. They will experience a training effect dependent on the normal parameters of frequency, intensity, duration, and mode of exercise. The disease does place potential limitations to exercise, as the HI virus directly affects pulmonary, cardiac, skeletal muscle and endocrine function. The effects of these changes may be exacerbated by secondary infection and other pathological changes may be induced by treatment. The advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy has brought with it a range of metabolic changes that may also influence exercise participation. The limitations to exercise imposed by HIV infection and its treatment are reviewed.

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