n International SportMed Journal - The role of proprioception in the primary prevention of ankle sprains in athletes : review article




The objective of this review is to describe the role of proprioception in the primary prevention of ankle sprains in athletes. MEDLINE, SPORTDiscus and the Cochrane Library were searched for articles and reviews. The search strategy included the keywords "ankle" in combination with "prevention" or "prophylaxis" and in combination with "proprioception" or "braces" or "tape". In addition, references from the bibliographies of the retrieved articles were reviewed. Articles that focussed on the prevention of ankle sprains using external stabilising devices like braces, tape or shoes were excluded from the review. Studies that focussed on rehabilitation or secondary prevention of ankle sprains, as well as the use of patients with unstable ankles were also excluded. Finally, eight studies were included in this review. The results showed that, although a proprioceptive training programme has been favoured for the primary prevention of ankle sprains in healthy subjects, there is no evidence of the benefit of such a training programme in both laboratory-based studies and intervention programmes for the reduction of the incidence of ankle injuries.


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