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n International SportMed Journal - Postpartum stress incontinence : prevention and rehabilitation : review article
Objective: To examine the effectiveness of various interventions designed to promote urinary continence in postpartum women and make recommendations regarding pelvic floor muscle exercise programmes during pregnancy and in the postpartum.
Data sources: MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane and PEDRo databases were searched for evidence of the efficacy of pelvic floor exercises in the prevention of urinary incontinence during pregnancy and in the postpartum.
Study selection: Only studies with sample sizes large enough to provide enough power, using randomised controlled trials with blinded assessment of outcomes were considered for this part of the analysis. Only studies not using exercise adjuncts such as biofeedback or exercise equipment within the exercise intervention were included.
Conclusions: Postpartum urinary incontinence is common but preventable using both prenatal and postnatal pelvic floor exercise interventions.
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