n International SportMed Journal - Menstrual cycle changes in athletic women : a review : review article

Volume 5, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1528-3356



Secondary amenorrhea, luteal phase defects and delayed menarche, are the most common types of menstrual dysfunction documented in athletes. While amenorrhea is more easily detected, luteal phase defects are asymptomatic and athlete perception of menstrual disruption is minimal. The prevalence of amenorrhea in the athletic population is well above that found in the general population. The occurrence of less symptomatic menstrual problems (e.g. luteal phase deficiency) among highly active women is likely much higher. This paper will briefly review these forms of menstrual irregularities, provide definitions and their assessment markers and a summary of the factors predisposing athletes to reproductive dysfunction.

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