n International SportMed Journal - Chronic muscle strain injuries in sport : a brief review : review article

Volume 5, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1528-3356



A chronic muscle injury can be defined as a chronic muscle injury that is characterised by disruption of muscle fibres, which results in muscle dysfunction. These injuries are frequently not recognised, and can cause considerable morbidity to the injured athlete, particularly if they are not managed appropriately. Chronic muscle strain injuries can be subdivided into two main subtypes : Type I - presenting with symptoms that are of gradual onset, with no history of an acute precipitating event, and Type II - presenting with a history of a previous acute muscle injury, which has not recovered fully and is still symptomatic. The diagnosis of these injuries is made using clinical criteria, and occasionally MRI or ultrasound can be used to confirm the diagnosis. Treatment is by aggressive rehabilitation focussing on restoring muscle strength, flexibility and neuromuscular control.

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