1887

n International SportMed Journal - Social and contextual resources for exercise in older adults : review article

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Abstract

&lt;I&gt;Objective:&lt;/I&gt; The purpose of this review is to examine the social and contextual resources in the USA related to the initiation and maintenance of regular physical activity among older adults, as a basis for cardiovascular risk reduction, and to summarise directions for future research and intervention. <br><I>Data sources:&lt;/I&gt; Using journal scans and computerised literature database searches, reviewed literature that incorporated perspectives central to understanding the multidimensionality of physical activity initiation and maintenance in older adults, specifically related to relevant social and contextual resources, were selectively reviewed. The reviewed literature was designed to highlight recent findings and provide recommendations for future research. Using journal scans and computerised literature database searches, studies that incorporated perspectives central to understanding the multidimensionality of physical activity initiation and maintenance in older adults, particularly related to relevant social and contextual resources, were identified. <br><I>Study selection and data extraction:&lt;/I&gt; Studies that assessed physical activity behaviour(s) as an outcome variable, and focused on the behavioural context, social context, cultural factors, situational factors, physical environment, and organisational resources, were included. Specific variables within each study that provided an empirical and conceptual understanding of social and contextual resources related to physical activity initiation and maintenance among older adults were extracted for the purposes of this review. <br><I>Data synthesis:&lt;/I&gt; Findings specific to social and contextual resources of physical activity among older adults were categorised by logical groupings of similar findings. Given the early stage of research attempting to integrate findings to provide a social contextual understanding of physical activity among older adults, this paper presents a descriptive review of the literature. &lt;br&gt;&lt;I&gt;Conclusions:&lt;/I&gt; Approaches to promoting physical activity among older adults must emphasise social and contextual resources, as well as cultural relevance, to promote physical activity. A multidimensional perspective to understanding physical activity among older adults represents a significant effort to link behavioural, social and biological sciences to generate new understandings and direct efforts in the prevention and management of cardiovascular disease.

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/content/ismj/5/4/EJC48562
2004-01-01
2016-12-06
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