n International SportMed Journal - The biomechanics of the elbow in overarm throwing sports : review article

Volume 6, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1528-3356



&lt;I&gt;Objective:&lt;/I&gt; This review presents an overview of articles on the kinetics and kinematics of the elbow in overarm throwing sports such as baseball, water polo, team handball, javelin and cricket, and compares the kinematics and kinetics of these sports. <br><I>Data sources:&lt;/I&gt; The literature was collected by searching the databases MEDLINE and SportDiscus using the following search terms: overarm throwing, overarm throw, team handball throw, elbow, kinematics, kinetics, baseball, water polo, javelin, and cricket. Together with this search, articles were gathered from references in other relevant articles. <br><I>Study section and extraction:&lt;/I&gt; A total of twenty-seven papers were reviewed. The criteria for paper inclusion were kinetics or kinematics of the elbow in overarm throwing sports. <br><I>Data synthesis:&lt;/I&gt; A comparison between the throwing sport disciplines showed that the highest values in ball velocity and maximal elbow extension velocity were reported in baseball and the lowest values in water polo. In general, no temporal differences appeared in the occurrence of the maximal elbow angle and the maximal elbow extension velocity among the different throwing sports. No major differences in the kinetics between the different sport disciplines were reported due to the restricted number of studies available. &lt;br&gt;&lt;I&gt;Conclusions:&lt;/I&gt; The differences in kinematics during the throw are generally caused by the difference of weight or size of the object thrown. More studies on kinetics and muscle activity need to be performed to make a proper comparison between the different throwing sports and to gain more insight about muscle function during overarm throwing.

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