n International SportMed Journal - A comparison of injury rates in organised sports, with special emphasis on American bull riding : review article
|Article Title||A comparison of injury rates in organised sports, with special emphasis on American bull riding : review article|
|© Publisher:||International Federation of Sports Medicine|
|Journal||International SportMed Journal|
|Author||Mark A. Brandenburg, Dale J. Butterwick, Laurie A. Hiemstra, Robert Nebergall and Justin Laird|
|Publication Date||Jan 2007|
|Pages||78 - 86|
|Keyword(s)||Bull riding, Injury rates, Sport injuries and Sport injury epidemiology|
<I>Objective:</I> The authors set out to determine which sport in the literature has the highest injury rates.<br><I> Data sources:</I> A systematic review of sports injury studies was performed using the PubMed database on the National Library of Medicine website, using the key words: "Injury Incidence" in combination with each of the sports: "boxing," "football," "hockey," "rodeo," "rugby," and "soccer." <br><I>Study section:</I> Using a 3-round selection process, 2021 papers were reviewed. Those papers that did not report injury rates as a function of time were excluded.<br><I> Data extraction:</I> Each paper underwent an independent review by two authors. Injury rates from the papers reporting the top 5 injury rates for each sport were recorded and placed into an electronic spreadsheet for comparison. All selected studies reported injury rates as a function of time, although the unit of time was not always the same; therefore, simple extrapolation was made for all studies to make the unit of time in hours. <br><I>Data synthesis:</I> The injury rate in bull riding was found to be 1440 injuries / 1000 exposure hours; 1.56 times greater than amateur boxing, 1.75 times greater than semi-professional rugby, 10.3 times greater than American football, and 13.3 times greater than ice hockey. <br><I>Conclusions:</I> The authors conclude that injury rates vary widely between contact sports and that American bull riding is the most dangerous organised, spectator sport in the world.
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