n International SportMed Journal - Methods for monitoring training status and their effects on performance in rowing : review article
|Article Title||Methods for monitoring training status and their effects on performance in rowing : review article|
|© Publisher:||International Federation of Sports Medicine|
|Journal||International SportMed Journal|
|Publication Date||Jan 2008|
|Pages||11 - 21|
|Keyword(s)||Leptin, Maximal oxygen consumption, Overreaching, Performance testing and Recovery-stress state|
A rowing competition usually takes place over a 2000m course and lasts for 5-7min, depending on the boat class and performance ability of the rower. The aerobic contribution to energy supply amounts to approximately 70-80% during the 2000m rowing distance and maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) appears to be one of the best criteria for predicting performance in rowing, which relies on power production by the large muscle groups. Prolonged, intense, endurance training sessions on water make up the largest part of the training programme in rowers and this can easily result in the rower becoming overreached. Different psychometric and blood biochemical parameters, in addition to the performance tests, have been used in rowing training monitoring. The Recovery-Stress Questionnaire (RESTQ) for Athletes, which measures both stress and recovery, appears to be effective in monitoring the training status of rowers. There is also evidence to suggest that leptin is more sensitive to training volume changes than the specific stress hormones (cortisol, testosterone), while maximal 2000m exercise-induced changes in leptin and adiponectin concentrations can be used to identify the first signs of overreaching as a result of increased training volume in rowers. In conclusion, probably the most effective way to monitor training status in rowers is to evaluate both the stress and recovery components simultaneously, using psychometric data together with the blood biochemical and performance parameters.
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