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n International SportMed Journal - Strategies to combat doping in cycling : review article

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Abstract

The sport of cycling has been affiliated with doping for decades. Currently, the battle against doping has been intensified by the development and implementation of large-scale anti-doping programmes. The primary aim of this paper is, from a practical point of view, to describe the most efficient way of combating doping in cycling today. Of major importance is sample collection from the cyclists, which must be intelligently scheduled according to the substances tested for. A prerequisite for this is an efficient "whereabouts" system, and the collaboration between different testing bodies. Samples must be collected and analysed according to strict prescriptions thereby reducing the analytical variations, which are an essential part of individual longitudinal data comparison. Blood screenings can be performed on-site in a mobile laboratory allowing rapid follow-up testing, while urine must be analysed in one of the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) laboratories. The reporting of the sample collection must be extended to include information on potential confounding pre-analytical factors and the reporting of the analysis and test results must be streamlined and extended to include more quantitative data i.e. from the recombinant Human Erythropoietin (rHuEPO) test. In addition, a high level of education of the riders and transparency of test results will demystify the anti-doping activities for the riders as well as the public.

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/content/ismj/9/4/EJC48642
2008-01-01
2016-12-05
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