The Institute for Security Studies (ISS) is an independent and non-profit applied policy research organisation with a focus on human security in Africa. Its mission is to conceptualise, inform and enhance the security debate on the continent and internationally. The ISS has offices in Addis Ababa, Cape Town, Nairobi and Pretoria. It recognises that conflict prevention and peace-building are fundamental principles of the African peace and security agenda. Efforts to anticipate and resolve disputes are intrinsic components of this agenda and the ISS Direct Conflict Prevention Programme (DCP), in Addis Ababa, was established to enhance conflict prevention strategies. The DCP also strives to contribute to policy development on continental integration and this monograph is a contribution to that objective.