n Institute for Security Studies Monographs - A strategic conflict assessment of Zambia

Volume 2009, Issue 158
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With the transition from a one-party state to a multiparty democracy in the early 1990s, Zambia was initially considered a poster child for Africa's development. However, during the two legislative periods of Frederick Chilub's presidency, a culture of authoritarian rule and neopatrimonial governance was established. Since the constitution prohibited him to serve a third term in office, Chiluba handpicked a successor, Levy Mwanawasa, who went on to win the 2001 presidential elections. Shortly after Mwanawasa came to power, he turned against his mentor, for some time effectively dividing the ruling Movement for Multiparty Democracy (MMD) into a Chiluba and a Mwanawasa faction.

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