This paper seeks to explore the theme of regional integration with reference to the establishment of a 'United States of Africa'. The paper critically assesses the validity of the proposition that integration is a desirable strategy for overcoming Africa's deep-seated developmental challenges. For regional integration to succeed it has to be based on effective national growth and development strategies. Furthermore, there needs to be a normative convergence on the issues of democratisation and promotion of human rights. This will require a departure from the negative sovereignty, which is decidedly state-centric and obsessed with anti-imperialism, towards the exploration of more positive expressions of sovereignty that take into account the importance of non-state actors in promoting development.