Changes in the nature of conflicts during the post-Cold War period led to changes in the nature of peacekeeping, from being a tool in mediating inter-state conflicts to that of intra-state conflicts. Peacekeepers are no longer deployed as an interposition force between warring states, but as part of broad efforts in support of peace implementation. Furthermore, rather than the purely traditional military deployments, modern peacekeeping deployments now involve considerable numbers of police officers (and civilians) in multidimensional missions. Against this backdrop, the Norwegian-funded Training for Peace (TfP) Programme has been involved in international and regional efforts to provide training support for police capacity building, as well as civilian, for deployment to UN and AU missions in Africa and elsewhere. Th is study was undertaken as part of the TfP initiative to explore the police training environment and gauge some of the key challenges to the smooth deployment of trained police officers: priorities of national police organisations, sequencing of training, gender disparities, and strategic and operational level coordination, among others. The study uses experiences gained from the years of police training provided by the Institute for Security Studies (ISS) to two police regions in Africa, namely the Southern African Regional Police Chiefs Cooperation Organisation (SARPCCO) and the Eastern African Police Chiefs Cooperation Organisation (EAPCCO). This paper complements the results of a separate study that focused on bottlenecks to civilian training and deployment. The key questions that inform this study are:
What are the practical imperatives of the demand for African capacities?
What are the challenges faced in building capacities in Africa?
What can be done to address the challenges of capacity building?
What are the training approaches adopted by partners towards building African capacities?