The 2007/8 post-election conflict that engulfed Kenya was not unprecedented. A failure to address the root causes of these violent conflicts has occasioned their reoccurrence and further entrenched their underlying causes. The Kenya National Dialogue and Reconciliation process considered long-term issues and solutions to address the root causes of the conflict and made proposals for extensive reforms. Within the conceptual framework of conflict transformation, this paper analyses the ways in which sections of Kenya's new constitution, adopted on 27 August 2010, address the root causes of the conflict. This paper also examines how the new constitution provides for reforms on governance, democracy, human rights, ethnicity and resource sharing.