n Institute for Security Studies Papers - Parched prospects II - a revised long-term water supply and demand forecast for South Africa

Volume 2016, Issue 16
  • ISSN : 1026-0404



It is likely that South Africa is over-exploiting its water resources at the national level, as water withdrawals currently exceed reliable supply. Using the International Futures forecasting system, this paper forecast that withdrawals in all three sectors (municipal, industrial and agricultural) will increase over the next 20 years. Proposed interventions for increasing supply and reducing demand are not enough to reconcile the gap between withdrawals and supply. More must be done to bring the South African water sector into balance and reconcile future national water withdrawals with future national supply.

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