n Without Prejudice - "Staan in the hof!" : mining law

Volume 14, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1681-178X



Since time immemorial we have adopted the practice of rising when the presiding judge or magistrate enters or leaves the court room. It is a sign of respect, not to the person, but to the office and the institution they serve. The criminal justice system of any developed or developing society plays an integral part in ensuring social stability and peace. As one of its many facets, criminal proceedings and sanctions imposed on offenders are aimed at directing the behaviour of the citizenry.

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