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- Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation
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- Volume 1, Issue 2, 2011
Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation - Volume 1, Issue 2, 2011
Volume 1, Issue 2, 2011
Housing delivery through public-private partnership in Nigeria and the case for beneficiaries' involvementSource: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 1, pp 63 –79 (2011)More Less
Over the years successive governments have devised and launched strategies to tackle the huge housing deficit in Nigeria. In the recent past, public-private partnership was embraced and employed in a number of low-income housing schemes across the country. Four such schemes which represented a partnership between the state government and private developer, and between the federal government and private developer, were chosen as case studies. They are Sunshine Gardens and HOB Estate, both in Akure, the Doma Road Estate in Lafia and Shelter-View Estate in Ado Ekiti. The study sought to identify beneficiaries' participation in the schemes. It was established that there was an absence of meaningful community/beneficiaries' participation in these schemes. This absence of participation impinged on the overall performance of these shelter projects. A case was therefore made for beneficiaries' participation in PPP arrangement for low-income housing in Nigerian cities. The advantage of having this third partner needs to be utilised to improve success on the present and future low-income housing schemes.
Source: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 1, pp 80 –104 (2011)More Less
Infrastructural construction investment in Nigeria is currently estimated at US$5bn annually and of the key trades in the industry, concreting makes up about 15% of the total frequency of operations. One of the most dominant concrete-placement methods in Nigeria is by crane and skip and it has been established that fractional delay (delay time expressed as a fraction of pour duration) is the most significant factor affecting its productivity. This study therefore focused on evaluating the extent of delays on craned concrete placement in Nigeria and determining their effects on concreting productivity. The study involved a close observation of 35 daily concrete pours placed by crane and skip on 25 project sites selected through stratified random sampling procedure in Lagos. Productivity data obtained were analysed by multiple regression to obtain a model relating productivity to fractional delay. The results showed an average delay of above 23% of the pour time while the productivity is reduced by more than 2.5 m3/h for every 10% increase in delay. The latter is over 5 times the productivity reduction obtained in Hong Kong study for the same percentage increase in delay and confirms that delay has a far greater impact on the productivity of concrete placement by cranes in Nigeria than in other countries. It was recommended that serious, and concerted, managerial actions be directed at proper planning and scheduling of material deliveries as well as labour and equipment inputs by adopting the developed model to monitor and eliminate most delays and sustain productivity.
Source: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 1, pp 105 –129 (2011)More Less
Tourism is the fourth largest industry in the global economy. In 2009 the industry was described by the United States Institute of Peace (USIP) as an industry that helps promote peace and stability in developing countries through its jobs provision, income generation, economy diversification, environment protection and promotion of cross-cultural awareness. However, due to inherent risks in terms of some key issues, in tourism development projects, all efforts made by successive governments in Nigeria to develop this important sector of the economy have yielded few positive results. Although there had been several studies on tourism in developing countries, little is known to exist on managing risk in tourism development projects in Nigeria. The main objective of the paper therefore is to provide better understanding of risk and its management in tourism development in Nigeria. Through a sequential mixed-method approach involving a qualitative/quantitative sequence, this paper reveals that a shortage of infrastructure; poor market demand; immature financial markets; and lack of competent manpower were among the significant risk factors affecting successful development of tourism in Nigeria. The paper also identified effective mitigation measures for these risk factors. It is recommended that every stakeholder involved in tourism development projects must be involved in risk management (i.e. in identifying, analysing, developing responses, and controlling risk). Moreover, risk management should also be integrated with the decision-making processes in managing tourism development projects, as risk management reveals the rationales for making appropriate decisions.
Source: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 1 (2011)More Less
Strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats for public-private partners in infrastructure delivery in NigeriaSource: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 1, pp 130 –154 (2011)More Less
Public-private partnership (PPP) is basically the collaboration between a public and a private organisation in order to achieve a specific goal. This paper examines the capabilities of partners and the environment in which they operate in Nigeria using a case-study approach. Data for the study were collected from written documents, inter alia company's business brochures, official reports, unpublished performance data on resources and operations; interviews were also conducted with 8 professionals from public and private parties. Data analysis was done using analytical induction, content and logical analysis. The study revealed that diversity and multidisciplinary attributes, and ready access to consultants are among the major strengths of the public partners, while its weakness is insufficiency of arm. The passing of relevant laws was seen as an opportunity by both parties, while lack of understanding of roles by ministries, and an unfavourable banking climate were identified as threats by the public partner. The private partner identified creativity and innovativeness, high knowledge of business and superb negotiation ability among its strengths and saw poor federal influence as a major weakness with poor local understanding of PPP as a threat. The study concluded that the success of partnerships depends much on cordial relationships between partners.
Building maintenance systems of public health institutions in Ghana : a case study of La General Hospital - AccraSource: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 1, pp 155 –166 (2011)More Less
It is highly desirable but hardly feasible to produce buildings that are maintenance free although much can be done at the design stage to reduce the amount of subsequent maintenance works. The research aim was to examine the various maintenance systems in use at La General Hospital in Accra. Field surveys and administration of questionnaires were used to collect the data. Most of the building structures in the institution have outlived their service period. Corrective maintenance was found to be in use and was ineffective in ensuring prompt remedial works. The level of manpower required (skilled) was also lacking. In view of these findings and by way of recommendations, it was suggested that management should adopt a maintenance policy for effective use in the institution and the entire scheme of corrective maintenance be re-structured. Furthermore, training, seminars and workshops should be organised for estate/maintenance officers to update their knowledge with regard to effective maintenance practices.