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- Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation
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- Volume 4, Issue 2, 2014
Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation - Volume 4, Issue 2, 2014
Volume 4, Issue 2, 2014
Source: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 4 (2014)More Less
Source: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 4, pp 882 –894 (2014)More Less
Rapidity in urbanization has continued in the past decade despite the realisation that resources are finite. Commerce, migration, employment, industry configuration and population increases are factors that contribute significantly to the urbanization phenomenon. With respect to the contributions of commerce, mining activities have led to the advancement and regression of cities. An abundance of literature exists on the negative effects of urbanization and mining on the environment. The main reason for the research that produced this initial findings was to determine how urbanization, when induced by mining, impacts on the environment and how to ensure future sustainable urbanization. The research was done qualitatively through interviews of knowledgeable individuals within the relevant industries within the mining town of Kathu, in the Northern Cape of South Africa. The research found that centralization of employment, resources and trade lead to urbanization, which is primary driven by the mining industry. In addition, it was observed that mining as a factor that accelerates urbanization, also impact negatively on the environment. Thus, there is a need for a rethink about mining induced urbanisation so as to reduce pollution and other adverse event of secondary activities that support the primary industry of mining.
Diffusion of innovations : an assessment of building information modelling uptake trends in South AfricaSource: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 4, pp 895 –911 (2014)More Less
Building information modelling (BIM) is currently being adopted by the South African industry, although current uptake is lagging behind other countries. The construction industry internationally is realising the benefits of using a single source of construction information, and the increasing functionality of the hardware, software and connectivity is providing an environment for the different organisations involved with a construction project to collaborate. The study evaluates adoption in South Africa and other countries using the line of enquiry known as the 'diffusion of innovations' to determine a trend in South Africa and to predict rates of adoption based on those of other countries. Factors that inhibit take-up in South Africa are examined and recommendations are made based on the findings of the research.
Source: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 4, pp 912 –929 (2014)More Less
Adoption of information and communications technology systems for the enhancement of security management on construction sites is presented in this paper. The site security situation, key influencing factors, use, and impact of ICT-based security systems are examined in the context of South Africa as an emerging economy. The paper uses a purposive sample of special informative literature on construction in developing countries, technology transfer, ICT in Construction, and site security management. Deductions from literature review are complimented with field work using a case study of construction sites. Limitations of access to data sources were placed on the study. Nevertheless the case study approach ensured richness of data collected. Findings suggest the occurrence of security lapses and an appreciable need for site security on local construction sites. While there is availability of ICT-based security systems, there is an apparent lack of expedient adoption considering the benefits, and threats to site security. There is also attestable difference in the impact of adoption amongst adopters and rate of theft on sites which depend on manual systems for security management. Major implications include the need for more adoption of such technologies in site security management, especially in remote areas. In addition there is need to seek ways of using ICT-based systems to enhance the performance of manual systems in site security management. Furthermore the need to adopt such ICT should reflect on tenders for contracts ab initio. Findings from the study add value to the local body of knowledge on ICT in Construction, with regard to possibilities for site security management.
Source: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 4, pp 930 –949 (2014)More Less
To handle rapid urbanization, there is need to find new ways to manage complexity, increase efficiency, reduce expenses, and improve quality of life. The new ways are rooted in the concept of 'smart city'. The concept theorize that emerging technologies would shape urban environments in varying ways that would include but not limited to the economy, mobility, governance, and living conditions of a city. While this concept is now a reality in major cities in developed economies, this is not the case in South Africa and the region. Against this background, an evaluation of socio-economic and environmental capital of Bloemfontein has been used as a case example to demonstrate the transformational requirements for a 'smart city' in South Africa. The evaluation utilised 74 indicators, and 30 factors of six smart characteristics, which include economy, environment, governance, living and mobility. Reviewed literature and semi-structure surveys were used for the evaluation, which suggests that Bloemfontein is lagging behind concerning key development indicators. In particular, the evaluation indicates that the city lag performance relative to mobility, economy, people and living sector, although environment and governance features appear to be promising. An overall evaluation of the indicators and factors points to a major scope for the city to transform to a smart city, if plausible actions are taken.
A qualitative review of the health and safety leadership roles of managers in South African constructionSource: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 4, pp 950 –965 (2014)More Less
Top management in an enterprise has decisive roles to play in terms of health and safety (H&S) management. A key role in this context pertains to leadership. The study that is reported upon assessed the H&S leadership styles and behaviours of managers in South African construction. The study, which follows the phenomenological approach, obtained information that highlights H&S practices in terms of leadership styles, behaviours and attitude of managers in the construction sector. The themes of the findings show that managers play critical leadership roles in managing workers' H&S on site; managers' leadership styles and behaviours have considerable influence on workers' at-risk work practices, and managers have the capability to drive team performance by creating an enabling environment for zero tolerance for H&S failures on project sites. Thus, the leadership styles and behaviours of construction managers is undoubtedly an important factor in shaping workers' H&S behaviours in the workplace. In promoting and sustaining optimum H&S in construction, managers should endeavour to appropriate management skills that embrace transformational leadership styles, commitment to H&S, and qualities that will help them to instil and maintain a positive H&S culture.
Knowledge and usage of the seven basic quality control tools by producers of precast concrete products in GhanaSource: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 4, pp 966 –975 (2014)More Less
For very small organisations, the root cause of quality problems may be obvious, but once it gets beyond small businesses, most decision points and problem root causes will remain vague until valid data are studied and analysed. It is for such cases that quality management tools play an important role in helping improve the quality of products and processes. This research seeks to explore the level of knowledge and usage of the seven basic quality control tools by producers of precast concrete products in Ghana. A survey of 42 producers of precast concrete products in the cities of Accra and Tema was conducted to elicit the desired data. The data was basically analysed using gap and quadrant analyses. The study revealed very limited levels of both knowledge and usage of the said tools by these organisations even though their perception of quality was very good. Again, the survey identified some practical measures to help improve the quality of the operations of these organisations. Chief among these measures is training and education of the work force on the use of the seven basic quality control tools. Even though the findings are limited to data from only two cities, they tend to support earlier findings from similar studies, thus providing useful lessons for manufacturers of such products.
Source: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 4, pp 976 –989 (2014)More Less
University maintenance departments are usually constrained by limited funds. To set priorities therefore becomes important as it ensures the suitable utilisation of resources. The research on which this article reports applied an importance-performance analysis (IPA) to aid the process of prioritising the lecture theatres performance parameters (maintenance needs) according to students' expectation and satisfaction. Three lecture theatres were selected by means of a purposive sampling method as cases for the study; a questionnaire, with both closed and open ended questions was then used to collect data from the students. The IPA model together with both descriptive and inferential statistics was used to analyse the data. The study revealed that students perceived the satisfaction of all the performance parameters of lecture theatres as below the level of importance. However aesthetics, structural safety and lighting appear to be performing satisfactory even though they were below student's satisfaction; whereas, thermal comfort, ventilation, fire safety & exit, acoustic control, and cleanliness are clearly underperforming and require immediate attention. The recommendations based on the findings can help the maintenance department of the institution to prioritise the maintenance needs of the lecture theatres to enhance performance (utility). With this article the author also demonstrates the practicality of the use of IPA model to aid the process of prioritising the maintenance needs of the buildings in an institution.
Source: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 4, pp 990 –1011 (2014)More Less
The study is centred about the adoption of ICT-based products in the site management process in South Africa. Selected constructs derived from innovation adoption, diffusion and technology transfer are used to examine aspects of ICT adoption in the South African site management scenario. Knowledge and awareness, and skills and utilisation of ICT are examined in association with adoption of ICT in site management. A purposive sample of literature on the aforementioned concepts, construction, site management and ICT adoption in construction is used to frame the study. Analysis of a recent practitioner survey using a mix of qualitative and quantitative data is applied to arrive at results which further the discussion on ICT adoption in local site management. Limitations of the research emanate mainly from the unknown size of the target population, a measure of purposiveness in the sampling for the study and the numerical strength of the final sample. With the use of a snowball effect, a response sample rate of approximately 80%, based on an effective sample population, was utilised for the research. However the survey was administered at a national level which ensured appreciable spread in terms of administration and demographics of respondents. Results point to considerable information related factors, which constitute hindrance to expedient adoption of ICT in the local site management. Such factors relate to the extent of awareness, skills and working knowledge of ICT in construction, especially site management. Results suggest the need for more awareness of potential in ICT, acquisition of ICT skills, and appreciable working knowledge of available ICT-based technologies which are relevant to site management. The results have implications for the diffusion of ICT in the local construction scenario, especially in the site management process. It also adds value by improving on the scarcity of relevant local information within this area of study.
Source: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 4, pp 1012 –1033 (2014)More Less
Property development constitutes one of the largest business enterprises and gross domestic product contributors of the world. The business of property development however incurred substantial losses over the centuries as a result of non-compliance to good governance in terms of considering all factors influencing perceived success of property development projects. The primary objective of this study was to develop a business process model for perceived success of property development projects, enterprises and role players. This model should guide role players, enterprises and actors within the property development business towards pro-active, effective and relevant decision making in achieving success in property development. To address the primary objective, a number of secondary objectives were raised whereby a conceptual model constituting identified variables was developed based on a comprehensive survey of the related literature. Appropriate hypotheses were formulated constructing a path diagram between the dependant variable and subsequent anteceding and intervening variables. Data was gathered using an electronic survey measuring primary data sourced from the identified international population of property development practitioners. This data was empirically analysed by means of structural equation modelling. The factors were namely financial risk forecast, consumer confidence and ability, procurement, urban planning, financial feasibility and practical viability considerations and professional feasibility and viability reporting, identified in the business process model affecting success of property development projects. This research broke new ground relative to the profession of property development in introducing the business process model for perceived success of property development.