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- Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation
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- Volume 4, Issue sup-1, 2014
Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation - Supplement 1, June 2014
Supplement 1, June 2014
Source: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 4 (2014)More Less
Source: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 4, pp 882 –899 (2014)More Less
The accident rate of the construction industry is disproportionate to the number of its workers compared with other industries. Despite this, the Nigerian construction industry lags behind in tackling the health and safety (H&S) challenges posed by the hazardous activities of the industry and contextual issues. Compliance with H&S regulations is one of the pillars to achieving optimum H&Sin the workplace; regrettably, its level is low in Nigeria. This low level of compliance with H&S regulations in Nigeria remains one of the major factors blamed for the challenging state of H&S in Nigeria, especially in the construction industry. Hence, this paper examines the determinants of compliance with H&S regulations in Nigeria's construction industry, unearthing the salient issues to compliance with H&S regulations in Nigeria's construction industry.Using compliance theories, it explains the compliance behaviour of the Nigerian construction industry. Although studies on compliance with H&S regulations in developed countries abound, contextual influence prompts a study peculiar to Nigeria. A systematic review of available literature gathered through desk literature search and qualitative content analysis were conducted. The result of this study shows that key determinants to compliance with H&S regulations in the Nigerian construction industry include: culture, client influence, inadequate legislation, activities of the informal construction sector, beliefs, enforcement of H&S regulations, bribery and corruption. It is evident from this study that contextual issues may explain compliance behaviour. This paper goes further to conclude that irrespective of the inadequate regulations and lack of governmental support, stakeholders in the construction industry and trade unions can improve H&S. It also recommends that: building planning departments in local councils be involved in H&S enforcement; in tender selection, preference should be given to construction contractors with good safety records; H&S professionals should exploit the economic benefits of good H&S management system to attract management commitment.
A review of construction management and economics research outputs in Nigeria : towards a sustainable futureSource: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 4, pp 900 –905 (2014)More Less
Construction related research holds the key to a sustainable future. This is because of the potential of research to improve practice. In order to identify the current state of knowledge in construction management and economics research. This article aims to unpack the question by evaluating three (3) decades of longitudinal data into construction management and economics research across seven (7) foremost Nigerian universities. A review of completed PhD studies was done to identify dominant research topics, methods and trends over the study period. It is evident from qualitative analysis that 69.9% of the critical investigation focused on topics related to procurement/project performance, maintenance, cost modelling/construction economics and human resource/productivity. Despite, a moving trend in the topics investigated. There was no evidence of critical research in the area of sustainability. Besides a call for paradigm shift in present day research activities, the concept of sustainability, which has become a dominant policy in the developed world, needs to be enshrined. In other words, there is a need to really examine the extent to which current policies and activities pertaining to sustainability in the construction industry is been integrated into built environment planning and development in Nigeria.
Source: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 4, pp 906 –911 (2014)More Less
The construction industry is a key sector in the development and economic growth of Zambia, however, the industry has not escaped the challenges facing other countries worldwide in terms of delivering construction projects on time as stipulated in the contracts. This paper assesses the construction professionals' perception on the measures of minimising construction project delays in Lusaka - Zambia. The data used in this paper were derived from both primary and secondary sources. The secondary data was collected via a detailed review of related literature. The primary data was collected through a well-structured questionnaire which was distributed to construction professionals, which include: Architects, quantity surveyors, builders, civil engineers, land surveyors and project managers. Out of the 50 questionnaires sent out, 32 were received back representing 64% response rate. Data received from the questionnaires was analysed using descriptive statistics procedures. Findings from the study revealed that site management and supervision, effective strategic planning, clear information and communication channels, use proper and modern construction equipment and proper project planning and scheduling were the major measures of minimising construction project delays. The study contributes to the body of knowledge on the subject of minimising construction project delays in Lusaka, Zambia.
An assessment of professionals' perception of the sustainability performance of infrastructure projects in NigeriaSource: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 4, pp 912 –932 (2014)More Less
Construction activities lead to the provision of infrastructure. However, these activities have undesirable impact on the environment. Various management approaches have evolved to guide construction participants in achieving better sustainability performance of infrastructure project. However, methods for evaluating the sustainability performance of infrastructure projects across economic, social and environmental aspects are not covered in literature. This paper aimed to assess professionals' perception of sustainability performance of infrastructure projects in Nigeria. The research adopted a questionnaire survey of professionals in the Nigerian Construction industry. 100 questionnaires were distributed and a total of 72 valid responses were obtained and used in the analysis. The research found that sustainability performance of infrastructure projects in Nigeria fall between moderate performances to high performance. Some factors whose performance falls below a set standard and adversely affect sustainability performance include ozone protection, modular and standardised design, discharge of water. The study recommends that government policies which incorporate the assessment of proposed infrastructure across social, economic and environmental impacts should be formulated to improve sustainability performance of infrastructure projects.
Source: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 4, pp 934 –948 (2014)More Less
Construction activities impact on the environment throughout the life cycle of development. These impacts occur from initial work on-site through the construction period, operational period and to the final demolition when a building comes to an end of its life. Even though the construction period is comparatively shorter in relation to the other stages of a building's life, it has diverse significant impacts on the environment. This study investigates the major impacts of construction activities on the environment in Ghana. Thirty-three possible impacts of construction activities on the environment were identified from literature. These impacts were further categorized into nine major groups and were subjected to a cross-sectional survey. Questionnaire and interview were used to elicit the views of respondents. Questionnaires were distributed to 100 randomly selected construction practitioners made up of 58 architects, 37 quantity surveyors and 5 structural engineers registered with their professional bodies. Semi-structured interview was conducted amongst purposively selected contractors and consultants. The respondents were asked to identify the most important environmental impacts. The relative importance of the impacts identified were calculated and ranked by the relative importance index. According to the results of the study, the respondents agreed that resource consumption group impacts ranked highest among the major impacts of construction activities on the environment in Ghana. The resource consumption group impacts were raw materials consumption, electricity consumption, water consumption and fuel consumption. Biodiversity impact was second followed by local issues impacts. The paper recommends that stakeholders in the construction industry should come up with special legislations, codes or standards relating to sustainable construction practices specific to Ghana's construction environment and ensure proper and effective implementation.