Journal of Educational Studies - Volume 10, Issue 1, 2011
Volume 10, Issue 1, 2011
Source: Journal of Educational Studies 10, pp 2 –30 (2011)More Less
To improve the quality of education in South Africa it is imperative to focus on the professional development (PD) of teachers. The study addressed the following research questions: What are the lived experiences of teachers of their professional development (PD) and what are the guidelines for facilitating the professional development of teachers? A qualitative study was done among Education Management postgraduate students enrolled at the University of South Africa. Naïve sketches were used as a data collection method to obtain descriptions related to the research questions. The paper describes participants' perceptions of private, official and school-based programmes, their views on the facilitators of PD programmes, the content and focus of PD programmes, the time and duration of PD programmes, and guidelines for the effective implementation of PD. As regards the guidelines for implementing PD, the following aspects receives attention: sharing of knowledge/skills acquired at PD programmes, feedback and monitoring of teachers' development, the role of leadership in the effective implementation of PD and individual teachers' contributions to PD.
Source: Journal of Educational Studies 10, pp 31 –46 (2011)More Less
Students tend to request emergency contraceptive pills after they have had sexual intercourse without using a condom. This is a cause for concern as condom use is central to the management of HIV and AIDS. It is a strategy to encourage safe sex practices amongst youth in tertiary education institutions. This study reports on the investigation of condom use by students requesting emergency contraceptives in a tertiary institution. A total of 1252 female students seeking for Emergency Contraceptive Pills completed the pre-emergency contraceptive questionnaires to identify reasons for not using condoms as a means of contraception. The reasons pointed to students' use of condoms during the previous sexual intercourse when they requested the pill. Results show that while some respondents never attempted to use condoms when having sexual intercourse for some reasons, others used or were intending to use a condom during their sexual intercourse but experienced problems. A considerable number of respondents (43.5%) indicated that they did not have a definite reason for not using a condom during sex; that it just happened that they ended up having sex without putting on a condom. Reasons given for not using a condom during sex included that they blamed the male partner. Risky sexual behavior with regard to sexually transmitted diseases (STIs) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) was prevalent among students and age and place of residence were associated with condom use. Some recommendations are made regarding investigation into students' attitudes towards male and female condom use and their perceptions towards safer sex practices.
Author Jacob M. SeleshoSource: Journal of Educational Studies 10, pp 47 –63 (2011)More Less
This article reports on investigation of the attitude of high school learners towards teaching as a profession. The aim of the study is to ascertain the perceptions of high school learners with regard to variables such as gender, demographic background, socio-economic status and school type that may influence learners' attitude towards teaching as a profession were used in the study. A twenty item questionnaire was designed to elicit responses from grade 12 learners at a career fair exposition, with the view to determining their attitude towards the teaching profession. At the fair, a sample group of 798 learners was requested to complete the questionnaires. Learners were drawn from both townships schools and Model C schools. Findings confirmed that high school learners at almost all of the townships and some former model C schools generally exhibited a positive attitude towards teaching as a profession regardless of gender, school type and location. The article recommends that government, schools (through educators) and other interested parties should create an enabling environment to motivate learners to pursue teaching as a career. I argue that teachers, in general, should continue to conduct themselves in a becoming manner so as to awaken interest in the younger generation. I am arguing that teachers in general should become the role model and set an example in order to reawaken interest in teaching as a profession among the younger generation.
Author G.A.J. Van DykSource: Journal of Educational Studies 10, pp 64 –83 (2011)More Less
Africa needs military leaders with an in depth understanding of security on the continent. Strongly linked to this insight would be a view of African military forces being a safety net to provide a framework within which peace in Africa can be negotiated. Military leaders of Africa should also facilitate a military network to protect peace and stability and influence political leaders to develop the continent to its full potential. Within this broader picture South Africa needs a group of military leaders to transform the South African National Defence Force (SANDF) to be the most respected military force in Africa for conventional war as well as peacekeeping operations. The focus of this research is to investigate the level of potential, level of verbal, English knowledge and English comprehension, as well as the personality and leadership profiles with the occurrence of psychopathology of students at the South African Military Academy (SAMA). The research evaluates a sample of 48 students from a population of 380 residential students at the institution. The results show an average potential with an average level of verbal, English knowledge and English comprehension ability of these students at the SAMA. Certain vulnerabilities in the personality and leadership profiles are also indicated by the results. The main recommendations from these results are to change the marketing strategy of the South African National Defence Force to bring the average A- and B-candidates of Grade 12 to SAMA and to change the psychometric battery used during the selection of first years.
Teachers' perceptions of assessment towards professional development : implementation of an integrated quality management system in South African educationAuthor A.P. KutameSource: Journal of Educational Studies 10, pp 84 –100 (2011)More Less
For more than two decades, the South African experience of teacher assessment and school evaluation especially in black schools has not been a positive one. Teachers felt that assessments were faultfinding exercises resulting in them feeling victimised. The purpose of this study was to evaluate teachers' perceptions of the link between assessment and teacher development. This was guided by the results of the Integrated Quality Management System. Self administered questionnaires from 305 educators were used to assess the link between educator and learner performance. The results indicate that teachers think that learner performance is directly linked to how the teachers perform while in class. This would affect performance of their teacher, thereby determining teachers' development through critical reflection. The Integrated Quality Management System signals a new approach to teacher performance evaluation in the South African education system, presenting an opportunity for the education authorities to build a quality education system.
Source: Journal of Educational Studies 10, pp 101 –119 (2011)More Less
Desegregation of South African schools has presented teachers with new challenges. The inclusion of multicultural education in teacher education programmes is essential to equip teachers in this context but multicultural education tends to treated as an elective or a topic in a particular course. This article examines this problem through a case study of selected initial teacher education programmes at the largest national provider, the University in South Africa, using qualitative data gathering methods. The study is framed by theoretical approaches to diversity, in particular, Castagno's typology. Findings indicate that dedicated modules in multicultural education in initial teacher education suggest that the goals of multicultural education are achieved to some degree. However, the curriculum primarily fits the categories of cultural understanding and human relations. More effective programmes should expand to include social justice multiculturalism and should link directly to students' experiences in teaching practice.
Source: Journal of Educational Studies 10, pp 120 –141 (2011)More Less
South African learners' poor performance in Grade 12 is a source of concern. Of the nine South African provinces, the Limpopo Province produced the worst Grade 12 results between 2002 and 2006. Yet, some schools in the Thohoyandou and Mutale Districts in that province performed outstandingly well during the same period. The primary aim of this study was to determine what influential factors caused the difference between the high-performing and the poorly performing schools in these two districts. Quantitative as well as qualitative research methods were used. The findings indicate that frequency of meetings with parents had a direct relationship with Grade 12 results, suggesting that parental involvement, whether voluntary or not, contributed to better learner performance. It is concluded that attempts to resolve the challenges referred to in this article should not focus on problems only. It is imperative to learn from success stories, no matter how 'small' these may appear to be.
Source: Journal of Educational Studies 10, pp 142 –161 (2011)More Less
This article focuses on whether school governing bodies (SGBs) are democratic in their operations. It also attempts to uncover some of the challenges faced by SGBs in the promotion of democratic practices in school governance. Through the lens of democratic schooling, this article seeks to make meaning of the operations of SGBs. A mixed methods approach was used to generate data. A self-administered survey questionnaire was used to generate quantitative data and focus group interviews were used to generate qualitative data. The findings indicate that SGBs are in fact democratic in their operations. However, there are challenges faced by SGBs in the promotion of democratic practices. This article therefore recommends that support in the form of focused training workshops be provided for SGBs.
Arresting attention-deficit hyperactive disorder in children and adolescents, strategies for educators : a review of the literatureSource: Journal of Educational Studies 10, pp 162 –181 (2011)More Less
Attention-deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) is a common learning disorder that affects most of our school-going children and confronts educators when they deal with these children. These children need to be identified and assisted throughout their educational development. This systematic literature review sets out to explore the nature of ADHD; the aetiology of ADHD; the prevalence of ADHD in school-aged children and then propose possible interventions that educators can employ when they interact with children. The review found several studies that suggest the nature and identification of children with ADHD and those that draw conclusions on the causes of ADHD in children. Studies tended to suggest that educators can both be trained in the application of medical and behavioural treatment of children with ADHD in order to maximise their academic achievement. It seems that educator and parent training on the nature of ADHD, its aetiology, its prevalence and treatment can successfully contribute to the education of children with ADHD.
The lived experiences of staff in implementing invitational education in schools in the United States of America and Hong KongSource: Journal of Educational Studies 10, pp 182 –202 (2011)More Less
This article is a follow-up to a previous quantitative study (Steyn, 2007) which sought to explore key aspects that influenced the effective implementation of invitational education (IE) in schools which had received the 'Inviting Schools Award' in the United States of America (US) and Hong Kong (HK). This article reports on a qualitative study that explores the experiences of participants in the US and HK of the implementation of IE in their respective schools. It attempts to obtain and understand the life worlds of participants constructed from their 'lived experiences'. Participants were selected by means of purposive sampling. Sixteen delegates in the conference arranged by the Invitational Education World Leadership Institute in October 2007 in Georgetown, Kentucky (US) who attended the researcherâ??s session of her earlier study were willing to participate in the study. Two additional 'information rich' participants were approached to also participate in the study. An electronic mail distribution consisting of an open-ended schedule was chosen to gather the data. The following major categories emerged from the data: Becoming aware of IE; Leaders: 'walking their talk' in implementing and sustaining IE; Teachers: 'buying in' in implementing IE; Professional development programmes employed to implement IE; and Recommendations for effective IE programmes.
Author Shakila ReddySource: Journal of Educational Studies 10, pp 203 –218 (2011)More Less
It is important to understand why young adults continue to engage in sexual practices that place them at risk of exposure to infection, despite having higher levels of knowledge about HIV and AIDS. The data presented in this paper are drawn mainly from single-sex and mixed-sex focus group discussions and individual interviews in a secondary school in South Africa. Employing the theoretical lens of identity, I attempt to understand the gendered responses of these young adults about their deliberate choices to engage with sexual practices that they know to be risky. I have selected those aspects of the interview data that addressed unsafe sexual practices as a choice rather than that which is based on ignorance or violence, and generated four categories for discussion in this paper: flesh to flesh is best; knowing your partner; love, sex and trust; and boys will be boys. The findings indicate that even though young adults are aware of the risks associated with unprotected sex, they often chose to engage in unsafe sexual practices. I argue that while they present these as choices based on well thought-out reasons, they are merely succumbing to performances associated with conventional versions of femininities and masculinities.