n Journal of Educational Studies - Characteristics of the instructional leader as situational leader

Volume 13, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1680-7456



The following characteristics of the situational leader are discussed in the article in relation to principals as instructional leaders: view of followers, task and people orientation, value system, personality, trust in subordinates, experience and knowledge. These characteristics are obtained from prominent leadership theories and firstly contextualised in terms of the principal as situational instructional leader. Thereafter the results of a qualitative empirical investigation on their manifestation at five high schools in Zimbabwe are briefly reported utilising observation, interviews and document analysis as methods. It was found that the principals of these schools challenge the negative prevailing circumstances in education in Zimbabwe by trying to embody the characteristics of situational instructional leadership in an authentic way. The research highlights the importance for principals of taking these characteristics into consideration in the provision of situational instructional leadership with a view to creating a culture of teaching and learning.

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