n Journal of Educational Studies - Access and Quality of Early Childhood Education in Some Rural and Urban Areas of Manzini Region, Swaziland

Volume 13, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1680-7456



The study examined the degree of access and the quality of Early Childhood Education in some rural and urban areas of Manzini Region, Swaziland. The design of the study was survey. Participants were 120 teachers recruited from both rural (n=60) and urban (n=60) areas. Data were collected through a semi- structured questionnaire, follow-up interviews and observations. The study established that while access to ECE is reasonable in both rural and urban areas, the quality of that ECE in both rural and urban can be rated poor to mediocre, especially in rural areas. Many centres lack qualified teachers, materials, equipment, a unifying and relevant curriculum, adequate playgrounds and proper infrastructure. Recommendations were that the ECE programme needs more funding and commitment from the Government; the University of Swaziland should intensify the production of qualified teachers for the programme and that the Ministry of Education and Training should come up with an ECE national curriculum in order to unify efforts in the centres.

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