n Journal of Educational Studies - Judging the effectiveness of senior secondary schools in Botswana using a value added approach
|Article Title||Judging the effectiveness of senior secondary schools in Botswana using a value added approach|
|© Publisher:||University of Venda|
|Journal||Journal of Educational Studies|
|Affiliations||1 University of South Africa|
|Publication Date||Jan 2010|
|Pages||125 - 150|
|Keyword(s)||Effective schools, League tables, Multilevel models, Performance indicators, School effectiveness, Value added and Vision 2016|
A value added approach, contrary to the use of raw results, is regarded as the fairest method of judging school effectiveness. The aim of this research was to determine the effectiveness of senior secondary schools in Botswana using a value added approach. The 2005-2007 Botswana General Certificate of Secondary Education (BGCSE) examination results for 5662 students from 27 schools were analysed for value addition using MLwiN2.10 Beta(4). An effective school added positive value to students' initial achievement. A significant difference was found between schools. Nine schools out of 27 were effective while 18 were not. These findings have implications for those working with and in schools. A lot of schools have to be improved if "an educated, informed nation" has to be attained by 2016. The findings confirmed that the use of raw results can be misleading in that schools changed position in rankings when the value added measures were used. Some schools which were thought to be doing well in raw results were not doing well in value added and vice versa.
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