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- Volume 2, Issue 1, 2008
Journal of Economic and Financial Sciences - Volume 2, Issue 1, 2008
Volume 2, Issue 1, 2008
Source: Journal of Economic and Financial Sciences 2, pp 7 –30 (2008)More Less
Value concepts with a multi-stakeholder approach in the management accounting field are the subject of recent interest. The most popular management accounting conceptions, namely, activity-based costing (management) and balanced scorecard, reveal how the changed management accounting role integrates a focus on three key stakeholder groups: employees, customers and shareholders. Built on previous management accounting studies, this article explores when the management accounting system ensures value creation. The relationship between value creation and the management accounting system were disclosed using the multi-stakeholder theoretical approach. Research methods adopted in this study are empirical survey and empirical field study. The implementation level of modern management accounting conceptions was analysed using quantitative data (survey). Deeper analysis was performed in a Lithuanian organisation disclosing relationships between value creation and the implementation level of management accounting conceptions (case study). The results of the research revealed that modern management accounting conceptions might be a precondition for the changing role of management accounting but it depends on the implementation level and the organisation's ability to manage all capacities of these conceptions.
Author Vivek AroraSource: Journal of Economic and Financial Sciences 2, pp 31 –56 (2008)More Less
The transparency of monetary policy in South Africa has increased substantially since the end of the 1990s. But little empirical work has been done to examine the economic benefits of the increased transparency. This paper shows that, in recent years, South African private sector forecasters have become better able to forecast interest rates, are less surprised by reserve bank policy announcements, and are less diverse in the cross-sectional variety of their interest rate forecasts. In addition, there is some evidence that the accuracy of inflation forecasts has increased. The improvements in interest rate and inflation forecasts have exceeded those in real output forecasts, suggesting that increases in monetary policy transparency are likely to have played a role.
Adding shareholder value through dividend policy : evidence from the United Kingdom on tax-based shareholder clientelesAuthor Sheila KillianSource: Journal of Economic and Financial Sciences 2, pp 57 –70 (2008)More Less
This paper addresses the question of dividend clienteles based on shareholder-level taxation. In the United Kingdom in 1997, radical changes were made to the way in which the dominant shareholder clientele was taxed on dividend income. These changes provided a unique quasi-experimental opportunity for a direct test of dividend clienteles, and of tax theories. This issue is central to policy formation, and to predicting the likely impact on shareholder value of changes to the dividend policy pursued by firms.
Evidence is presented of two distinct tax-based clienteles in the United Kingdom, with contrasting preferences, one of which was strong enough to influence payout in the firms in which this clientele invested. The implication for South African firms is that, as the tax system changes, the payout preference of shareholders may also change. It is imperative that corporate financial managers react to these clienteles, and their requirements.
Author Ilse BothaSource: Journal of Economic and Financial Sciences 2, pp 71 –88 (2008)More Less
Financial markets play a significant role in an emerging market economy such as South Africa, especially after financial liberalisation. Financial liberalisation causes economies to interrelate across borders and between different sectors. The impact of this interrelationship can be captured by taking the different components of the financial market into account and relating these to the real sector, using the coincident indicator. It will be useful to identify an indicator representing the major components - equity market, capital market and the domestic financial sector - of the financial market in South Africa. This financial indicator will lead the coincident indicator, because the components of the financial indicator are available at a higher frequency than the components of the coincident indicator. This new indicator for South Africa will be of assistance in making more informed business decisions since it can be used to forecast turning points in the coincident indicator, i.e. the business cycle.
The historically realised equity risk premium as a guide to future expectations in an emerging market : the case of South AfricaAuthor Jesse De BeerSource: Journal of Economic and Financial Sciences 2, pp 89 –104 (2008)More Less
The concept of an equity risk premium (ERP) is fundamental to modern financial theory and central to every decision at the heart of corporate finance. Efforts to quantify ERP are well rewarded by insights into the stability and dynamics of long-term investment performance. Such efforts require the quantification of both historically realised (ex post) and expected future (ex ante) premiums. Finding an appropriate proxy for the expected (ex ante) ERP remains a challenging aspect. One widely used application is the use of long-term averages of observed market premiums as a proxy for expected returns. The aim of this paper is to analyse the appropriateness of the historical methodology of estimating expected ERP in the South African context. The analysis in this paper suggests that analysing past historical figures remains useful in the SA context. This is supported by the results of the statistical analysis, showing stationarity of the ERP time-series, meaning that the true mean does not change over time. This implies that the historical average mean may be used as a proxy for the long-run expected ERP. However, the well-documented problems relating to large standard errors (predictability problem) and relevance due to changing circumstances are also evident in the SA data. Thus, investors would be well advised to analyse the past and apply informed judgments as to future differences, if any, when attempting to arrive at fair forecasts.