oa Jamba : Journal of Disaster Risk Studies - Resettlement of communities; the case study of Jaguaribara : a resilient community (Northeast of Brazil)

Volume 2, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1996-1421
  • E-ISSN: 2072-845X



This paper examines the displacement of the inhabitants of Jaguaribara (Northeast Brazil) who were resettled due to the construction of the "Castanhao". The Government planned a new city to shelter the inhabitants from "Old Jaguaribara" that was flooded due to the overflowing of the dam. The case of Jaguaribara provides another perspective for analysing the consequences of the resettlement of the community, elucidating - besides the impoverishment risks - the protective factors that came up during the process of resistance against the construction of the dam, in the light of the concept of resilience. In order to capture the various dimensions of this process, qualitative primary data were used as the main source, together with documentation made by NGOs and professionals involved during the process of resistance against the construction of the dam, as well as semi-structured interviews. The enhancement of resilience in Jaguaribara represented the possibility to transform isolated individuals into a powerful integrated group that could combine forces, catalyse collective gains as well as articulate and defend common interests.

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