oa The Journal of Independent Teaching and Learning - Editorial

Volume 4, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1818-9687



The post-1994 government initiated a number of reforms to address the fragmentation and different educational systems instituted by apartheid. One of these was the introduction of outcomes-based education, which underpinned Curriculum 2005. Another was the replacement of the matriculation examination system by the new National Senior Certificate (NSC) in 2008. This aligned the national examinationsystem with Curriculum 2005.

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