oa Journal of Psychology in Africa - Relationship between perceived maternal acceptance rejection and self-esteem among young adults in Nigeria



The present study assumes: that (a) the young adults who recall their mothers as being low warm will have greater tendency towards negative self-esteem than the adults who recall-their mothers as being high warm; and (b) significant mean differences in P ARQ as well as Negative Self-Esteem scores will exist between young adults recalling their mothers as being low warm as compared to the adults reporting their mothers as being high warm. The sample of the present investigation consists of 301 male and female undergraduates drawn from university students in Nigeria. All the four scales designed to measure the perceived parental acceptance-rejection ~re used in this study. The results indicated that the young adults' perceptions of maternal low warmth' was positively correlated with young adults' own assessments of low-esteem. It further indicated that young adults recalling-their mothers as being low warm had significantly higher PARQ and Negative Self-Esteem scores than the adults reporting their mothers as being high warm. The findings of this research are consistent with the Universalist postulates of parental acceptance and rejection theory (Rohner, 1975).


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