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- Journal of Psychology in Africa
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- Volume 1, Issue 2, 1989
Journal of Psychology in Africa - Volume 1, Issue 2, 1989
Volumes & issues
Volume 1, Issue 2, 1989
Author Hannes StubbeSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 1, pp 01 –07 (1989)More Less
This paper was prompted by the 1988 celebration of a hundred years of freedom from slavery in Brazil. It looks at the attitudes of slaves and the contribution of Afrobrazilians to the country's culture and examines the opportunities available to 'free' Afrobrazilians today. The paper ends with a call for more research into the Afrobrazilian personality and situation in the context of his history.
Author Chirly dos Santos-StubbeSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 1, pp 08 –14 (1989)More Less
This study gives a brief linguistical interpretation of the terms 'saudade' and 'banzo'. There follows a descriptionption and interpretation of the phenomenon known as 'banzo' with reference to the historical situation of African slaves in Brazil between the XVlth and XIXth centuries. Finally. a number of hypothetical interpretations are discussed for this phenomenon, which brought about the death of so many slaves in Brazil. These include psychopathological, somatological, suicidological, psycho-analytical and socio-genetic interpretations.
Effects of traditional and western patterns of child-rearing on behaviour manifestations of Nigerian childrenAuthor Esther NzewiSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 1, pp 15 –27 (1989)More Less
The present study attempts to determine (I) whether there are differences among nursery school children in Nigeria which could be attributed to their mode of child-rearing experiences and (2) whether there are differences in levels of impulsivity, and reactions to distracting and frustrating situations. Three forms of child-rearing practices are used in the study - traditional, Western and a combination of both Western and traditional. The sample consists of 444 boys and girls in four nursery schools in Nigeria. The results indicate that there are significant differences among these children in the two major areas investigated. The teachers attributed traits of aggression and self-assertiveness to the traditional children while the children whose mothers reported using Western methods of child-rearing are descriptionbed as dependent, immature, cowardly, complaining and self-pitying. The teachers descriptionbe the third group (traditional/western) more positively. In their response to frustrating situations, the traditional group, the ""western"" group and the ""western/traditional"" group are impulsive, rigid and flexible respectively. It is concluded that the Nigerian mother should strive to retain those positive aspects of the traditional child rearing methods while assimilating positive new modes and modifying the less desirable traditional ones to produce individuals who are neither alienated from their roots nor subjected to undue psychological stress due to acculturation but who is well able to adapt to the dynamic Nigerian socio-cultural environment.
Author Henri Nsika-NkayaSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 1, pp 28 –48 (1989)More Less
At the present state of its development, psychological assessment does not satisfactorily serve all the functions (predictive, formative, summative) assigned to it. This results from the fact that its objective has been defined with such narrow-mindedness that the emphasis has been laid only on psychological entities abstracted from environmental contexts. An examination of some researches conducted in Africa and in other countries shows none the less that taking into account environmental factors by psychologists has meant starting an evolution akin to that which the study of behavioural variables themselves exhibit. The main concern is to restore wholeness to psychology (and hence also to psychological assessment). Thus, psychological assessment will consist of two axes: that of behaviour and that of functional context. In any given study, (at first), the two approaches could appear distinct but interdependent, before finding a relationship by means of a correlation approach. The search for other ways by which direct conclusions may be reached is to be encouraged. But we cannot expect remarkable achievements from that in the near future. In every case, the determining of procedures by means of which assessment may be carried out on each axis depends on the level of psychological theory which itself develops from the practice which it makes possible.
Source: Journal of Psychology in Africa 1, pp 63 –71 (1989)More Less
This study tested the hypothesis that anxiety positively correlates with duration experience within the framework of the cognitive approach. This was done by subjecting 45 high scorers and 45 low scorers in anxiety trait, to three conditions of stress during which they were required to carry out judgement of temporal interval. Duration experience was found to be longer with the high trait anxiety than low trait subjects. However, the stress conditions shortened rather than lengthened duration experience. These findings were explained in terms of the ability of stress 10 both lengthen and shorten duration experiences, depending on the type and the inability of Nigerian students to appreciate time in seconds and minutes.
Etude des performances des sujets europeens et africains a une tacbe cognitive inspiree de jeux de strategie mankalaAuthor T. MukunaSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 1, pp 72 –94 (1989)More Less
The most widespread opinion concerning testing of subjects of different cultural origins is that the more learned subjects are better at solving experimental tasks than the less learned ones. The author has developed a cognitive test; its structure is similar to that of the so-called classical intelligence tests, but its content is unrelated to Western logic. In this paper, the author studies both the influence of familiarity with the testing material and that of level of education on the performance of African and European subjects.
Author P.O. EbigboSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 1, pp 95 –101 (1989)More Less