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- Journal of Psychology in Africa
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- Volume 10, Issue 1, 2000
Journal of Psychology in Africa - Volume 10, Issue 1, 2000
Volumes & issues
Volume 10, Issue 1, 2000
Reactive ethnicity: some thoughts on political psychology based on the developments in Burundi, Rwanda and South-KivuAuthor Markus WeilenmannSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 10, pp 01 –25 (2000)More Less
The motive behind the article is the notion that the ethnicity spread in Rwanda and Burundi is an answer to the process of disintegration of old cultural identities. In the kingdom of the Shi (South-Kivu) on the other hand, the ethnicity has never reached such a bloody dynamic, because there the cultural identity does not coincide with the national identity of the postcolonial Congo. The hostility against the Tutsi which has spread there today has more to do with the new situation of occupation, than with the helpless rage against the forces that invaded from Rwanda (and Uganda) and now directs itself against the Batutsi living in South-Kivu for hundreds of years (shifting of aggression). The ethnicity of Rwanda and Burundi, however, is seen as an instrument to veil the progressing disintegration of loyalties, solidarities, in short, of the basic process of modernisation that started with the colonial and postcolonial order. Consequently, the question on the state of emotion from which the ethnicity has evolved would not at all be a question on the psychological preconditions, but a question that develops from the psychic consequences of an extremely wide reaching cultural problem of domination. For that reason the concept of 'reactive ethnicity' is used. Its existence is not to be understood as political calculation but as a manifest product of a social order of discourse for conflict denial. The thesis is substantiated by ethnographic material of the political history and by an ethnopsychoanalitic interpretation of a case brought to court.
Perceptions of psychology students from a historically black South African university of circumstances impacting on their livesSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 10, pp 26 –47 (2000)More Less
This pilot study is the initial phase of a research project aimed at arriving at a profile of the students of a historically black South African university. This profile will inform the development of more contextualised and relevant curricula. This paper reports on the pilot study which attempted to ascertain pertinent issues in psychology students' lives so that these could provide pointers for immediate curriculum restructuring and provide information towards the development of a measuring instrument which could then be applied to the general student population. It was found that themes and categories of information that were pertinent to students reflect processes of cultural and socio-political change in South Africa.
Author Karl PeltzerSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 10, pp 49 –62 (2000)More Less
Author Roderick Fulata ZimbaSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 10, pp 63 –85 (2000)More Less
A values scale was administered to a systematic stratified sample of 296 teachers and 276 students. The purpose of this was, inter alia, to find out whether values expressed by the teachers and students were consistent with Namibia's educational change and reform. The data revealed that values expected to foster social solidarity, conformity, maintenance of the status quo, social harmony and restraint were prized more highly by teachers and students than values expected to promote change. This and other findings are discussed to communicate the theoretical and practical merits of the discourse of ethics of educational change for the Namibian and other educational systems under reform.