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- Journal of Psychology in Africa
- OA African Journal Archive
- Volume 10, Issue 2, 2000
Journal of Psychology in Africa - Volume 10, Issue 2, 2000
Volumes & issues
Volume 10, Issue 2, 2000
Source: Journal of Psychology in Africa 10, pp 101 –121 (2000)More Less
This paper, which originates from a larger study on sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in the South African public health sector conducted in 1998, aims to identify and examine health care-seeking behaviours for STDs in South Africa. It focuses particularly on STD patient responses to previous and current STD symptoms regarding their patterns of service utilisation, the use of medications (including alternative medications), and behaviour after treatment. A number of complementary methodologies were used to measure health care seeking behaviour, including interviews with STD and non-STD patients attending Primary Health Care centres, as well as focus groups with community members in non-medical contexts. Results from the different methodologies produced contrasting pictures, particularly with respect to service utilisation and the use of alternative medications. Wider factors influencing health care-seeking behaviour are incorporated into the final interpretation of results.
Author M.** Mfusi, S.K.* & MahabeerSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 10, pp 122 –145 (2000)More Less
Role-playing factors that explain the work ethics of black South African adolescents in township schoolsSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 10, pp 146 –170 (2000)More Less
The aim of this research project was to predict and explain adolescents' work ethics within the context of a productive inclination. A structured questionnaire, on the basis of a conceptual framework, was developed to obtain information adolescents' work ethics, self-concept, time concept, their parents' involvement in their lives, and how they respond to discipline. Various consecutive factor analyses, item analyses and combinations of multivariate regression analyses were conducted on the data obtained. The results of regression analyses indicate that time concept, self-concept, parental involvement in the adolescents personality development, discipline, and the area in which adolescents attended primary schools are significant predictors of their work ethics
Author Karl PeltzerSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 10, pp 171 –188 (2000)More Less
First the contextual factors of psychotherapy (statistics, apartheid, post-apartheid) are outlined. Psychotherapy services are descriptionbed and major problems dealt with are: marital and family problems, mood disorder, anxiety disorder and stress related problems. Psychotherapy orientations are according to their frequency cited in descending' order: (1) psychodynamic, (2) traditional, faith healing and complementary medicine, (3) reconciliation and peace psychotherapy, (4) integrative (western and Cultural/traditional) methods, (5) group psychotherapy, (6) other (hypnotherapy, arts, music therapy), (7) humanistic-existential, (8) integrative (western) methods, (9) family therapy, (10) cognitive behavioural, and (11) child and adolescent psychotherapy. Finally, a new model of psychotherapy training is outlined.
Source: Journal of Psychology in Africa 10, pp 189 –196 (2000)More Less
This study examines the relationship between Type A behaviour and burnout. Data were gathered from 200 bank managers of four banks in Nigeria, with a mean age of 35.5 years (Age range: 20-65 years, SD=5.70) using a Type A behaviour scale. Results revealed that Type A employees reported more symptoms of burnout than Type B personalities on all measures of burnout: emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation, and sense of personal accomplishment. The observed relationship between burnout and Type A behaviour remains significant for job related stress, environmental and personality factors. The need to cope and manage stress and burnout in enhancing employee overall wellbeing is suggested.