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- Journal of Psychology in Africa
- OA African Journal Archive
- Volume 11, Issue 1, 2001
Journal of Psychology in Africa - Volume 11, Issue 1, 2001
Volumes & issues
Volume 11, Issue 1, 2001
Author Linda M. Eskell-BloklandSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 11, pp 01 –15 (2001)More Less
The process of intense social change in South Africa unpreparedly thrusts the children forming the first generation of western-type educated members, into an individualist world. An exploration of multiple and diverse explanations of reality is used to find ways of integrating solutions in creating a context within which clients can move forward. The inclusion of traditional rituals at times is prescribed. This serves to link the problems experienced in the new way of life with traditional solutions. Thus alienation from cultural roots is lessened and the possibility for clients to carry; a sense of traditional identity forward is created. Three case studies on an adaptation of western counselling methods to (South) African indigenous coping or helping interventions employed in the face of challenges presented by rapidly changing socio-cultural contexts within South Africa today are presented. Adaptations of western counselling methods may contribute to discussions on the development of a dynamic evolutionary indigenous psychology in South Africa in the area of counselling.
Author Peter BagumaSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 11, pp 16 –37 (2001)More Less
This study set out to assess the stress levels among the nurses, assess the personal and organisational factors that influence stress, and ways of coping with the stress among the nurses in Kampala hospitals. In all, 92 female nurses filled in a questionnaire (alpha = 0.82) that measured, sources of stress, and ways of coping with it. Stressors at the personal, organisational (immediate work environment, nature of job, poor human relations, poor welfare, and poor policies); and extra-organisational levels were identified under quantitative and qualitative procedures. Coping ways used by the nurses included praying, perseverance, discussing with co-workers, improvising and discussing with managers most of which were emotion focused. Recommendations included development of corporate policies to deal with the stress, coping-effectiveness training; job evaluation and redesign, human relations training for supervisors, retooling, developing of policies about salary and benefits, and sensitising the public about the nurses' jobs.
Source: Journal of Psychology in Africa 11, pp 38 –59 (2001)More Less
This paper explores central discourses emerging from women students' talk about heterosexual relationships. Given the widespread problematisation of heterosexual sexuality (heterosex) through feminist critique and the global imperative to halt the spread of HlV infection, there has been a growing focus on heterosex among young people in South Africa. An increasing number of studies highlight widespread coercive sexuality and women's, especially young womens, lack of negotiation in their sexual relations with men. The paper presents a discourse analysis of the transcripts of 14 focus groups held with women students, in single sex and mixed groups, at the University of the Western Cape, South Africa. Three central areas are outlined: male sexual drive, repression of female desire; male power discourse; and discourses of resistance and change. Similar to other local and international studies, the analysis illuminates the pervasiveness of dominant discourses of male and female sexuality which reproduce essential differences between the sexes, male-defined and centred (hetero) sex and the silencing of a positive voice on female sexuality and desires. The analysis also highlights significant contradictions within and between discourses which participants draw on and multiple sites of resistance, which within a discourse analytic framework signifies some possibilities for positive change.
Author J.B.** Louw, D.A.* & FoucheSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 11, pp 60 –72 (2001)More Less
It cannot be denied that the procedures followed and criteria used in the selection of postgraduate psychology students are controversial. Not only does this have a traumatic effect on non-selected students, but legal action has even resulted from alleged inequitable selection practices. In the current study more than I 000 questionnaires were sent to academic psychologists, non-academic psychologists and students in the professional master's degree course to determine their views on the current selection procedures and criteria. The return rate was 40,8 percent (424). The research results clearly indicate that there is an urgent need to attend to problems regarding selection procedures and criteria at university as well as national level. Recommendations in this regard are made.
Source: Journal of Psychology in Africa 11, pp 73 –87 (2001)More Less
Little published research exists on non-fatal suicidal behaviour amongst persons of African descent this investigation sampled 82 patients of African descent who presented with non-fatal suicidal behaviour at psychological clinics in general hospitals in Pietermaritzburg (South Africa). Over half of the sample engaged in suicidal behaviour over the weekend. Significantly more adolescents than adults ingested medicinal substances, and significantly more adults than adolescents used violent methods in their non-fatal suicidal behaviour. Interpersonal conflict was cited as a short term precipitant to non-fatal suicidal behaviour in most of the cases. Financial stressors and employment difficulties were predominantly cited as recent stressors to non-fatal suicidal behaviour amongst adults. The findings demonstrate similar demographic and psychosocial correlates of non-fatal suicidal behaviour amongst Africans as other cultural groups in South Africa. The hypothesised effects of Apartheid and acculturation are discussed.