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- Journal of Psychology in Africa
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- Volume 12, Issue 1, 2002
Journal of Psychology in Africa - Volume 12, Issue 1, 2002
Volumes & issues
Volume 12, Issue 1, 2002
Historical, methodological and epistemiological considerations on psychoanalytic anthropology and ethnopsychoanalysis with special reference to AfricaSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 12, pp 01 –18 (2002)More Less
The rise and development of ethnopsychoanalysis will be discussed in historical perspective along the application of psychoanalysis in anthropology and the invention of ethnopsychoanalysis by the Swiss psychoanalysts Parin, Parin-Matthey and Morgenthaler. In the contribution of Reichmayr and Nadig psychoanalysis will be shown as social science and social research method.
Author D.A.* Fouche, J.B. & LouwSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 12, pp 19 –39 (2002)More Less
Academic psychology in South Africa appears nearly 100 years old. It therefore seems strange as well as dis concerning that this important basis of psychology has been exposed to relatively little research. The present article flows from a larger study in which it was endeavoured to supplement such research. More specifically it focuses on the profile of academic psychologists, non-academic psychologists and Master's degree students. More than I 000 questionnaires were sent out and 424 (40,8 percent) were returned. The most important findings were that there is an alarming shortage of African language psychologists, male students, young academics, more mature (older) students and non-academics with Ph.D.'s. It also seems that the clinical category dominates the profession, while research psychology is disturbingly underrepresented. The relatively poor membership of the Psychological Society South Africa is another cause for concern. The implications of the findings are discussed and recommendations' are made.
Career maturity, career self-efficacy and career aspirations of black learners in different school settings in South AfricaSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 12, pp 40 –54 (2002)More Less
Most studies on the career development of learners in South Africa have focused on either white adolescent learners or black learners in comparison with their white counterparts. There exists a lack of within-group studies on the career development process among black adolescent learners. This paper reports the findings of two studies aimed at addressing this gap in the literature. The first study was conducted in the Eastern Cape and focused on 91 Grade 11 black learners from a single-race 'township' school and 81 black Grade 11 learners from a multiracial suburban school setting. The second study focused on black Grade 12 learners from a single-race 'township' school (n - 100) and black Grade 12 learners from a multiracial suburban school (n - 74) in Mpumalanga Province. In both studies, the learners from different school settings were compared across key career development variables, namely, career maturity, career self-efficacy, and career aspirations. For both studies, significant differences were found in the career maturity and career self-efficacy scores of learners from different school settings with learners from the multiracial schools scoring higher than their counterparts from the single race 'township' schools. Similarly, a number of differences were found in the career aspirations of learners from the different school contexts. The findings of these studies highlight the importance of developing and introducing needs-based career development programs for learners in different school settings.
Non-linear regression modelling of traditional and biomedical approaches to HIV/AIDS prevention in MalawiSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 12, pp 55 –64 (2002)More Less
A recent study of the credibility of sources of information about AIDS prevention in Malawi, identified three orthogonal factors: Modernity, Traditionalism and Biomedicine. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the inter-relationship between these factors using innovative nonlinear regression techniques. The sample comprised 175 undergraduate Malawian university students. At low levels of endorsement of Tradition (the splitting factor) there was a significant linear relationship between endorsements of Modernity (IV) and Biomedicine (DV). However, this relationship became progressively weaker as endorsement of Traditionalism increased, until at the highest level of Traditionalism there was no linear relationship between endorsements of Modernity and Biomedicine. These results indicate that the degree of Traditionalism moderates the normally linear relationship between endorsements of Modernity and Biomedicine, at least in the case of some AIDS prevention initiatives. We discuss the implications that the complex, non-linear, interaction of these variables has for the planning, provision and uptake of biomedical and traditional healing systems, regarding AIDS prevention in developing countries.
Author Langutani F. MabasaSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 12, pp 65 –79 (2002)More Less
An exploratory study was conducted to investigate (a) the views of infertility held by the black community in South African, (b) the impact of these views on community relations with infertile people and, (c) the ability of the community to act as social support for infertile people were investigated. The study also investigated the perceptions of available treatment options for infertility, and the implications of these perceptions to the mental health service provision for people who are infertile. A convenience sampling method and sampling to redundancy method were used to obtain seventy- six (76) members of the African community in South Africa. Semi-structured interviews were used to collect data. Open ended and few close-ended questions were used to elicit meanings and to explore attitudes towards infertility. The data was organised into categories on the basis of themes elicited from the responses and domain analysis was conducted. Frequencies and percentages of theme responses were also used to analyse the data. The findings indicate that the community tends to pressurise women to reproduce. Women were held responsible for the couple's reproductive failure. On the other hand, infertility in men is considered unacceptable such that it is kept a secret. The study also found that the inability to interact with infertile people or to give them social support is modulated by the community's perceptions of the causes of infertility. For instance, social support is withdrawn in cases which infertility is attributed to adultery or a consequence of abortion; the community's attitude is that the infertile are responsible for their reproductive failure. Thus, the findings indicate socio-cultural gender differences in infertility related stigma. Traditional African and Western intervention methods were reported. Implications of the research findings to psychological intervention strategies for infertility are discussed.
Author Tuntufye S. MwamwendaSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 12, pp 80 –86 (2002)More Less
Matriculation Examinations results are the basis for admission to all South African universities across the country. Matric results are considered predictor of students' performance at university studies. With this understanding, the purpose of this research was to find out a relationship between successful performance at matric mathematics and performance in a first year mathematics course at the University of Transkei. In keeping with the research hypothesis, there was a statistically significant correlation between passing matric mathematics and performance in a first-year mathematics course. This holds true for both genders in the two analyses undertaken. In view of this, successful performance in matric might serve as an indicator of the potential students have in succeeding in their university studies. The findings of the present study challenge the views of those who have had reason to question the extent to which Matriculation Examinations predict students' performance at university level.