- A-Z Publications
- Journal of Psychology in Africa
- OA African Journal Archive
- Volume 13, Issue 1, 2003
Journal of Psychology in Africa - Volume 13, Issue 1, 2003
Volumes & issues
Volume 13, Issue 1, 2003
Attribution of blame in incest cases among a sample of students and parents in the Limpopo province (South Africa)Author P.M. Madu, S.N. & MarivateSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 13, pp 01 –15 (2003)More Less
This study is an investigation into how people attribute blame in incest cases. 200 students from the University of the North, 100 learners from a high school in Dalmada near Pietersburg in the Limpopo Province and 100 of their parents participated in the study. The Jackson Incest Blame Scale was used. Results showed that students blamed situational factors for the occurrence of incest more than parents did. The students tended also to blame victim factors more than parents did. Parents generally blamed offenders more than non-offender factors. Males attribute more blame to victim factors than to nonvictim factors. There was a significant positive' correlation between age and attribution of blame to situational factors. Non-Christians were found to attribute blame to societal factors more than Christians do. Students attribute more blame to victim factors than parents did. The findings in this study indicated a pattern of offender blame avoidance. This could lead to further victimisation of the victims, absolving of the perpetrators of any wrongdoing, and both victims and perpetrators losing the opportunity to get relevant therapy in order to restore normal functioning.
Disturbances of attitudes and behaviours related to eating in black and white females at high school and university in South AfricaSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 13, pp 16 –33 (2003)More Less
Source: Journal of Psychology in Africa 13, pp 34 –54 (2003)More Less
Social identity refers to that part of the individual's self-concept which derives from the individual's knowledge that she belongs to certain social groups, together with the emotional and value significance attached to each membership. Changes in post-apartheid South Africa bring to question the influence thereof on the social identities of Black South African first-year female students. The impact of the changing social context on the process of identity construction is therefore considered. The aim of this qualitative research is to explore and descriptionbe the emerging social identities of Black South African first-year female students. Information rich participants were purposively selected. The question, ""How do you see yourself in your social relationships?"" was posed during focus group interviews. The audio-taped interviews were transcribed and analysed using Tesch's descriptionptive analysis technique. Centering on group memberships, which constitute the social identities of these participants, the following themes emerged from the data analysis: membership of a family, membership of a peer group, membership of first year female university students, membership of a particular cultural group and membership of society at large. The recommendations in line with these themes could facilitate identity construction and interaction within a multi-cultural society.
Source: Journal of Psychology in Africa 13, pp 55 –69 (2003)More Less
The aim of the study is to investigate AIDS coverage in five national newspapers in South Africa from 1998 to 2001. In retrieving the newspaper articles, Internet Sabinet online was used as the main tool. In all, 418 articles were retrieved of which 100 were excluded following exclusion criteria. Using content analysis the following themes emerged' from the data: definitions and nomenclature, trends and statistics, prevention, education and awareness, transmission method, symptoms, treatment modalities, policy and economics, politics, discrimination and fears, celebrity portrayals, other STDs, churches and HIV, care and support, and testing and. counselling. Coverage of AIDS across the years has increased more especially on policy and economics, treatment modalities and care and support.
Author O. Fatoye, F.O. & MorakinyoSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 13, pp 70 –80 (2003)More Less
Health behaviour, perceived stress and stress management among hospital staff in the Limpopo province, South AfricaAuthor Supa PromtussananonSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 13, pp 81 –90 (2003)More Less
The aim of this study was to investigate different health practices including stress management and perceived stress among staff of different types of hospitals in the Limpopo Province of South Africa. The sample included 240 hospital staff from three hospitals (one urban, one peri-urban and one rural). From each hospital, 40 medical and 40 non-medical staff were chosen randomly. Results indicated moderately low healthy behaviours (9 out of 16, especially breast or testicle lump self-examination, physical exercise, avoiding fatty food, safe sex, and protection from the sun). Further, 30 percent of hospital staff reported being overweight and 28 percent being obese. High perceived stress levels among staff in the rural hospital (22.6) as compared to 16.6 among urban hospital staff were found. Perceived stress was moderately correlated with health risk behaviour and high blood pressure. Stress management practices were found to be inversely related to perceived' stress and high blood pressure. Findings show the need for an effective lifestyle and health promotion programme to reduce stress and health risks among hospital staff.