oa Journal of Psychology in Africa - Health behaviour, perceived stress and stress management among hospital staff in the Limpopo province, South Africa
The aim of this study was to investigate different health practices including stress management and perceived stress among staff of different types of hospitals in the Limpopo Province of South Africa. The sample included 240 hospital staff from three hospitals (one urban, one peri-urban and one rural). From each hospital, 40 medical and 40 non-medical staff were chosen randomly. Results indicated moderately low healthy behaviours (9 out of 16, especially breast or testicle lump self-examination, physical exercise, avoiding fatty food, safe sex, and protection from the sun). Further, 30 percent of hospital staff reported being overweight and 28 percent being obese. High perceived stress levels among staff in the rural hospital (22.6) as compared to 16.6 among urban hospital staff were found. Perceived stress was moderately correlated with health risk behaviour and high blood pressure. Stress management practices were found to be inversely related to perceived' stress and high blood pressure. Findings show the need for an effective lifestyle and health promotion programme to reduce stress and health risks among hospital staff.
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