oa Journal of Psychology in Africa - Relationship between parents' interest, life status and the academic achievement of Xhosa children in South Africa
This study researched the relationship between parental interest, life status and academic achievement of 1021 Xhosa pupils (369 boys and 652 girls) whose ages ranged from 13 to 17 years (Mean age, 15.6 yr). The sample included 712 children for whom both parents were alive and 308 children for whom either or both parents were deceased. Children were chosen at random from the Standard 7 / Grade 9 erstwhile South African homeland of Transkei which remains incorporated into the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. A questionnaire was used to obtain information on parental interest, life status and socioeconomic status. The aggregate of the marks awarded to pupils in seven subject areas in the Standard 7 examination held by the Department of Education was used as the criterion measure. Analysis of variance showed a significant relationship between parental interest and academic achievement of children from parents-living as well as parents-deceased homes except at low and high socioeconomic levels in parents-deceased homes among boys and at low socioeconomic level among boys in parents-living homes. The results are discussed contextually.
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