oa Journal of Psychology in Africa - Organisation and structure of counselling and therapy services for victims of organised violence in Africa



Little is available on how major (psychosocial) health service providers for victims of organised violence develop and organise their services. The organisation and structure of counselling and therapy services for victims of organized violence in Africa can be divided into two broad categories: (1) those based in the home country of the victims where there is a present or past history of political repression, and (2) those situated in host countries that are in the same region of the world as the refugees' home country. Therefore, I descriptionbe my experiences as a therapist, trainer and consultant to the International Institute for Psycho-social and Socio-ecological Research Amsterdam (IPSER) in Uganda (1994,95,96) (as an example for case 2) and to the International Rehabilitation Council for Torture Victims Copenhagen (IRCT) in Malawi (1994, 95-96) (as an example for case 1). These service providers are two major organisations for providing (psychosocial) health care to victims of organised violence. The research presented here is based on centre and community based services but also by making use of epidemiological studies and literature review. The results and discussion are divided into: (1) initiation of project/service and target population, (2) concepts and objectives, (3) administration and funding, (4) training and supervision, (5) public relations and networking, (6) research and documentation, and (7) evaluation/monitoring counselling/treatment.


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