oa Journal of Psychology in Africa - Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder among North Sotho speaking primary school children in South Africa: prevalence and sex ratios



This study presents a first attempt to conduct an epidemiological survey of Attention Deficit Disorder (ADHD) among primary school children in the Northern Province of South Africa. The main purpose of the study is to establish the prevalence rate of this disorder in samples of primary school children. More than two thousand North Sotho speaking children from six primary schools participated in the survey. Teacher rating scales based on DSM-IV were used. The results obtained are consistent in many aspects with those from previously published research. The usual differences of age and sex were found. Overall, these findings suggest that the prevalence of ADHD and instrument used for its assessment 'are not affected by cultural variables.


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