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- Journal of Psychology in Africa
- OA African Journal Archive
- Volume 8, Issue 1, 1998
Journal of Psychology in Africa - Volume 8, Issue 1, 1998
Volumes & issues
Volume 8, Issue 1, 1998
Source: Journal of Psychology in Africa 8, pp 01 –16 (1998)More Less
Child Neglect has hardly been concretely determined and research on the topic is scarce. This study was to determine the nature and extent of child neglect in women with full employment. Five hundred and fifty market women randomly selected from the major markets in Enugu were interviewed. A questionnaire measuring child neglect was developed from literature review and common sense. It covers different forms of child neglect: inadequate feeding, inadequate general body care, inadequate supervision, educational neglect, medical neglect and emotional neglect. From 550 market women interviewed only 234 had children between 3-10 years of age; the number of such children who lived with their mothers were 491. Data on these children and their mothers were used for analysis. It was found that the percentage of children who suffered neglect is large enough to cause some concern. Attention is drawn through this study to the area of child neglect so that preventive and remedial actions can be taken.
Author Karl PeltzerSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 8, pp 17 –30 (1998)More Less
The purpose of this study is to ethnoculturally construct posttraumatic stress symptoms in African contexts. Therefore the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ) is applied, to 100 Sudanese refugees and 120 Malawian torture survivors in the form of interviews. As a result, the PTSD diagnostic category as set forth in DSM-IV and as applied to these particular two samples of African victims does not appear fully applicable. This seems especially true for symptoms that constitute Criterion C. The particular feature of psychic numbing can, however, be substituted' by bodily numbing symptoms. Trauma has been seen as an individual centred event to soma or psyche. But here in non-western people who have a different notion of self it seems to be more projected to the soma (in metaphoric and communicative terms) and the loss of interpersonal relationships and other loss.
Source: Journal of Psychology in Africa 8, pp 31 –38 (1998)More Less
This study investigated the family environment and attitudes of 793 Northern Sotho speaking students (369 males and 422 females) whose ages ranged from 17 to 24 years (M age, 20 Yr.). These students were chosen at random from the Grade 12 school population in the Northern Province of South Africa. An attitude questionnaire and a family environment questionnaire were administered to collect data. The findings that indicate a very high correlation between family environment and attitudes toward Science are discussed.
Source: Journal of Psychology in Africa 8, pp 39 –54 (1998)More Less
The purpose of this study was to identify the attitudes of psychiatric nurses towards traditional healers in South Africa. Fifty-seven black psychiatric nurses from Soweto (Johannesburg) participated in the study. The instrument included a 20-item Scale on Attitude towards Traditional Healers and three open questions. Findings showed an overall positive attitude of the nurses and a possibility to develop a working partnership with traditional healers in mental health care provided formal policy guidelines structuring the practice of traditional healing are specified. The most preferred option for working with traditional healers was cooperative/collaborative partnership. The significance of these results as well as their nursing practice and policy implications are discussed.
Author S. MashegoaneSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 8, pp 55 –69 (1998)More Less
The need for appropriateness or relevance has always been topical in psychology. In this essay attempts are made to operationalize the concept of indigenisation: Second, the ideological tendencies of intellectuals (viewed as the modem sector) in South Africa are highlighted as a source of hindrance to the development of an indigenous psychology. Finally, a call is made for psychologists to consider the inclusion of African culture in the prospective indigenised psychology.
Source: Journal of Psychology in Africa 8, pp 70 –83 (1998)More Less
Excessive use of chamba (marijuana) abuse has been identified as a mental health problem in Malawi. However, chamba can be used in a variety of different social contexts. In particular, chamba use has had an important role in the traditional life of many communities. We investigated the possibility that traditional and modem practices have interacted to worsen the problem of chamba misuse in Malawi. Using a Focus Group methodology, 54 in-patients at Zomba Mental Hospital, who reported using chamba discussed their beliefs about .chamba use in both modem and traditional settings. Implications for the causes and management of chamba misuse in Malawi are discussed.