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- Volume 9, Issue 1, 1999
Journal of Psychology in Africa - Volume 9, Issue 1, 1999
Volumes & issues
Volume 9, Issue 1, 1999
Author Therese M. TchombeSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 9, pp 01 –24 (1999)More Less
This study examines scientific psychology in Cameroon, which has a Problem to assert itself, because of the inadequacy of methods and techniques Used for teaching and research. More especially, the direct transplant of western theories and methods, disregard eco-cultural approach by which indigenous knowledge can be integrated in main stream processes. Psychology is a cultural enterprise. We may need to revisit conceptual issues, Methods and measurement tools, including a reflection on the programmes for educating and training psychologists. Until we do this, psychology In Cameroon will not attain its scientific criterion. The absence of Professionalism does result to mediocrity in institutional practices. Drawback in the growth of scientific psychology in Cameroon is also due to the Absence of political will and the wide institutionalisation of the discipline. Equally important is the none commitment of psychologists, some of who prefer ministerial positions that are more lucrative, powerful and prestigious. Other deterrent factors are tribalism and general inertia that obstruct judicious decisions. In addition, there are the absence of psychology laboratories, field experience programmes and staff. Until psychologists behave like professionals in their field, the discipline cannot be recognised and Considered as an instrument for consultations in matters concerning national Development.
Psychological services in the black community of Port Elizabeth in South Africa: assessment of awareness, attitudes, practices and needsSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 9, pp 25 –57 (1999)More Less
An interview-based survey was conducted to assess the awareness, attitudes, practices and needs with regards to psychological services among 256 randomly-chosen adult respondents from Black suburbs and townships in Port Elizabeth, South Africa. The survey revealed that less than half of the respondents were aware of psychology. Those who were aware had a fair amount of knowledge about the discipline. Their attitudes towards psychologists and their profession was positive as they had future intent to use or to recommend to others to use Psychological services should the need arise. However, the actual use of psychological services by the respondents themselves or their relatives was very low. With regards to needs, the main problems identified by the respondents as those for which they required some psychological help were coping with death in the family, suicide wishes, divorce/separation/marital problems and child abuse. In addition, the respondents also expressed the need for the introduction of community-based psychological services and the marketing of such services to the community. The implications of these results for improving access to psychological services by Black people particularly in South Africa are discussed.
Source: Journal of Psychology in Africa 9, pp 58 –65 (1999)More Less
Objectives: This study investigated the extent and nature of substance use among rural secondary schools in the Northern Province in South Africa. Design and subjects: The sample included 209 rural Standard 9 (Year 11) secondary school pupils chosen at random from three rural schools. The pupils were 90 boys and 119 girls whose ages ranged from 17 to 26. Outcome measures: Data pertaining to prevalence and frequency of drug use were obtained from a 123-items substance use questionnaire by the World Health Organisation. Results: The three most predominantly used substances (current and lifetime) are in descending order of importance: alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis. There was a significant positive relationship between availability, history of substance in the family, gender and substance use. Conclusion: The prevalence rate of substance use including cocaine in these rural schools in the Northern Province call for appropriate health education in schools to adequately acquaint youths with the dangers of substance abuse.
Author Karl PeltzerSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 9, pp 66 –77 (1999)More Less
The aim of the study is to investigate factors affecting condom use among an urban adult community in the Northern Province, South Africa. A cross-sectional face-to-face interview by questionnaire was conducted with participants chosen by cluster and at random. The sample consisted of 98 participants, 40 female and 58 male, from 18 to 45 years. Results indicate that about 90 percent had a sexual encounter within the last three months. More than one third (35.9 percent) of the sample reported never using condoms, 27.5 percent always, 16.7 percent regularly and 20 percent irregularly in the last three months. There was a significant relationship between AIDS Health Beliefs (sub-scale perceived benefits) and condom use intention but not with current condom use. Self-efficacy of condom use was significantly related to condom use. Findings are discussed indicating that the development of an educational or intervention programme should in particular include self-efficacy areas such as impulse control, partner resistance, SID thoughts and condom discussion.
Complaints of university students about male use of condoms as a preventive measure against HIV/AIDS in South AfricaSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 9, pp 78 –90 (1999)More Less
Objective: This is a study of the complaints of students about male use of condoms as a preventive measure against AIDS. Respondents: The participants in the study were 1203 undergraduate students at the. University of the North (South Africa). Method: They filled-in, a self-rating questionnaire designed to tap their complaints about male use of condoms as a preventive measure against AIDS. Result: Their highest complaints were with respect to inconveniences during condom use, followed by negative psychological feelings, and by poor relationship to partner. Factors associated with (1) inconveniences during condom use are Tsonga (ethnicity), own business (occupation of father), and unemployed (occupation of mother); (2) negative psychological feelings are male (sex), others (ethnicity), civil servant (occupation of father), and age (30-39 years); and (3) poor relationship to partner are age range of 40 and above, male (sex), and Venda (ethnicity). Conclusion: The authors conclude that programmes for the promotion of condom use among such students as the participants in our study should be aimed at minimisation of the above named complaints. The associated factors should help to identify the target groups among the students.